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Éirí Amach na Cásca

Article about: Hope you dont mind Pat thought i would show the Easter Rising medal and 1917-1921 service medal ( black and tan ribbon) cheers rory

  1. #11

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    Hope you dont mind Pat thought i would show the Easter Rising medal and 1917-1921 service medal ( black and tan ribbon)

    cheers rory

  2. #12

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    Thanks Rory for showing the medals. I dont mind at all.

    Cheers, Pat

  3. #13

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    This is my favorite photo.


    Cheers, Pat

  4. #14

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    The Flags of Ireland...-....

    1# A green flag with the words Irish Republic on it. This image is of the 1916 flag based on the flag flown from the GPO during the Easter rising 1916.

    2# A flag flown by insurgents during the 1798 rebellion at an engagement near Kilcullen, County Kildare. The "IU" may stand for "Ireland United" (The United Irishmen were part of the revolutionary movement). The lower inscription is ERIN GO BRA (Ireland for ever - in poor Irish. The usual spelling for the last word on flags of the period is BRAGH)

    3# The green harp flag believed widely flown during the 1798 rebellion.

    4# The banner of the carpet weavers guild, 1840s.

    5# Flag of the Davis club, London 1848. Named after Thomas Davis (1814-45), the club was part of the "Young Ireland" movement.

    6# Banner (sic) of Bailieborough, Co. Cavan, Sinn Fein Club 1917 (Hayes-McCoy 1979).
    De Valera was a commander in the Easter rising of 1916 but escaped execution as there was uncertainty over his American citizenship. He went on to be leader of anti-treaty Sinn Fein, prime minister (under 2 different titles) and President of Ireland.

    7# From the 1860's, based on the US flag, the 32 stars are supposed to correspond to the 32 counties of Ireland, as featured in the trial of Michael Moore, arrested in 1865.

    8# Flag carried by insurgents raising a barracks at Stepaside, Co. Dublin 1867.

    9# Flag captured by British forces at Tallaght, Co. Dublin 1867.

    10# Fenian flag flown Battle of Ridgeway, Canada 1866.

    11# This is a repeal flag of 1845.

    12# Flag seized 1848 in Dublin.

    13# Flag of Joseph Holt, Co. Wicklow , 1798 - the other side bore a yellow harp.

    14# Green harp flag associated with nationalists / home rulers.

    15# Meagher's first Irish tricolour 1848.

    16# Plain green flag associated with John Mitchell, active in Ireland and America 1848 - 1875.

    17# Flag of Father Murphy, Arklow, 1798.

    Cheers, Pat

  5. #15

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    Here is some Information about the attempt to smuggle German guns to the Irish for the Rising...

    Sir Roger Casement.
    1 September 1864 – 3 August 1916.
    Sir Roger Casement Kt. CMG between 1911 and shortly before his execution for treason, when he was stripped of his British honours—was a humanitarian campaigner and an Irish patriot, poet, revolutionary, and nationalist.
    He was a British consul by profession, famous for his reports and activities against human rights abuses in the Congo and Peru and also for his dealings with Germany before Ireland's Easter Rising in 1916. An Irish nationalist and Parnellite in his youth, he worked in Africa for commercial interests and latterly in the service of Britain. However, the Boer War and his consular investigation into atrocities in the Congo led Casement to anti-Imperialist and ultimately to Irish Republican and separatist political opinions. He sought to obtain German support for a rebellion in Ireland against British rule. Shortly before the Easter Rising, he landed in Ireland and was arrested. He was subsequently convicted and executed by the British for treason.
    There has been controversy over a set of "black" diaries, circulated selectively by the British authorities at the time, which, if accepted as genuine, would portray Casement as a promiscuous homosexual sex tourist with a fondness for young men.
    Casement was born near Dublin, living in very early childhood at Doyle's Cottage, Lawson Terrace, Sandycove. His Protestant father, Captain Roger Casement of (The King’s Own) Regiment of Light Dragoons, was the son of a bankrupt Belfast shipping merchant (Hugh Casement), who later moved to Australia. Captain Casement served in the 1842 Afghan campaign.
    Casement's mother, Anne Jephson of Dublin (whose origins are obscure), had him rebaptised secretly as a Roman Catholic when he reached the age of three, in Rhyl. She died in Worthing when her son was nine. According to an 1892 letter, Casement believed that she was descended from the Jephson family of Mallow, County Cork. However, the Jephson family's historian provides no evidence of this. By the time he was 13 years old, his father was also dead, having ended his days in Ballymena dependent on the charity of relatives. He attended Aravon School, Bray, County Wicklow.
    Roger was afterwards raised by Protestant paternal relatives in Ulster, the Youngs of Galgorm Castle in Ballymena and the Casements of Magherintemple, and was educated at the Diocesan School, Ballymena later Ballymena Academy. He left school at the age of 16 and took up a clerical job with Elder Dempster, a Liverpool shipping company headed by Alfred Lewis Jones, later an enemy on the Congo issue.
    Casement retired from the consular service in the summer of 1913 In November that year, he helped form the Irish Volunteers with Eoin MacNeill, later the organisation's chief of staff. They co-wrote the Volunteers' manifesto. In July 1914, Casement journeyed to the U.S. to promote and raise money for the Volunteers. Through his friendship with men such as Bulmer Hobson, who was a member of the Volunteers and the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), Casement established connections with exiled Irish nationalists, particularly in Clan na Gael.
    Elements of the Clan did not trust him completely, as he was not a member of the IRB and held views considered by many to be too moderate, although others such as John Quinn regarded him as extreme. John Devoy, who was initially hostile to Casement for his part in conceding control of the Irish Volunteers to Redmond, in June was won over, while the more extreme Clan leader Joseph McGarrity became and remained devoted to Casement. The Howth gun-running in late July 1914 which he had helped to organise and finance further enhanced Casement's reputation.
    In August 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Casement and John Devoy arranged a meeting in New York with the Western Hemisphere’s top-ranking German diplomat, Count von Bernstorff, to propose a mutually beneficial plan: if Germany would sell guns to the Irish rebels and provide military leaders, the rebels would stage a revolt against England, diverting troops and attention from the war on Germany.
    Von Bernstorff appeared sympathetic but Casement and Devoy decided to send an envoy, Clan na Gael president John Kenny, to present their plan personally. Kenny, unable to meet up with the Kaiser, was nonetheless given a warm reception by von Flutow, the German ambassador to Italy, and Prince von Bulow. In October, Casement himself set sail for Germany via Norway. He viewed himself as an ambassador of the Irish nation. While the journey was his idea, Clan na Gael financed the expedition. In Christiania (Oslo), his companion Adler Christensen was taken to the British legation and, according to him, offered a reward if Casement was "knocked on the head."
    The British minister, in contrast, advised London that Christensen had approached them, and also said that he “implied that their relations were of an unnatural nature and that consequently he had great power over this man.” It was this episode that first provided London with the intimation that Casement was homosexual.
    In November 1914, Casement negotiated a declaration by Germany which stated, "The Imperial Government formally declares that under no circumstances would Germany invade Ireland with a view to its conquest or the overthrow of any native institutions in that country. Should the fortune of this great war, that was not of Germany’s seeking, ever bring in its course German troops to the shores of Ireland, they would land there not as an army of invaders to pillage and destroy but as the forces of a Government that is inspired by goodwill towards a country and people for whom Germany desires only national prosperity and national freedom”. He negotiated in Berlin with Arthur Zimmermann, then Under Secretary of State in the Foreign Office, and with the Imperial Chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg.
    Most of his time in Germany, however, was spent in an attempt to recruit an "Irish Brigade" consisting of Irish prisoners-of-war in the prison camp of Limburg an der Lahn, who would be trained to fight against Britain. During the war, Casement is also known to have been involved in the Hindu–German Conspiracy, recommending Joseph McGarrity to Franz von Papen as an intermediary for the plot. The Indian nationalists may also have followed Casement's strategy in attempting to recruit from amongst Indian prisoners of war.
    However, both efforts proved unsuccessful. The Irish plan failed, as all Irishmen fighting in the British army did so voluntarily, while recruits to Casement's brigade were liable to the death penalty if Britain won. It was largely abandoned after much time and money were wasted. The Germans, who were sceptical of Casement, but nonetheless aware of the military advantage they could gain from an uprising in Ireland, only in April 1916 offered the Irish 20,000 rifles, 10 machine guns and accompanying ammunition, a fraction of the quantity of weaponry Casement had hoped for, and no German officers. A detailed account of Casement's Irish Brigade in Germany was written by Michael McKeogh, recruiting officer and Sergeant Major in the Irish Brigade in Germany and Casement’s adjutant.
    Casement did not learn about the Easter Rising until after the plan was fully developed. The IRB purposely kept him in the dark and even tried to replace him. Casement may never have learned that it was not the Volunteers who were planning the rising, but IRB members such as Patrick Pearse and Tom Clarke who were pulling the strings behind the scenes.
    The German weapons were never landed in Ireland. The ship transporting them, a German cargo vessel called the Libau, was intercepted, even though it had been thoroughly disguised as a Norwegian vessel, Aud Norge. All the crew were German sailors, but their clothes and effects, even the charts and books on the bridge, were Norwegian. The British, however, had intercepted German communications coming from Washington and knew there was going to be an attempt to land arms, even if the Royal Navy was not precisely aware of where. The arms ship under Captain Karl Spindler was eventually apprehended by HMS Bluebell on the late afternoon of Good Friday. About to be escorted into Queenstown (now Cobh, Co. Cork) on the morning of Saturday, 22 April, after surrendering, the Aud Norge was scuttled by pre-set explosive charges. She lies at 40 metres depth. Her crew became prisoners of war.
    Casement confided his personal papers to Dr. Charles Curry, with whom he had stayed at Riederau on the Ammersee, before he left Germany. He departed with Robert Monteith and Sergeant Daniel Beverley (Bailey) of the Irish Brigade in a submarine, initially the U-20, which developed engine trouble, and then the U-19, shortly after the Aud sailed.
    According to Monteith, Casement believed that the Germans were toying with him from the start and providing inadequate aid that would doom a rising to failure, and that he had to reach Ireland before the shipment of arms and convince Eoin MacNeill (who he believed was still in control) to cancel the rising. Indeed, Casement sent a recently arrived Irish-American, John McGoey, through Denmark to Dublin, ostensibly to advise of what military aid was coming from Germany and when, but with Casement's orders "to get the Heads in Ireland to call off the rising and merely try to land the arms and distribute them". McGoey however did not make it to Dublin, nor did his message. His fate was unknown until recently but he survived the war. Despite any view ascribed to Monteith, Casement expected to be involved in the rising if it went ahead.
    In the early hours of 21 April 1916, three days before the rising began, Casement was put ashore at Banna Strand in Tralee Bay, County Kerry. Too weak to travel, he was discovered at McKenna's Fort (an ancient ring fort now called Casement's Fort) in Rathoneen, Ardfert, and subsequently arrested on charges of treason, sabotage and espionage against the Crown. He was taken straight to the Tower of London where he was imprisoned, but not before he was able to send word to Dublin about the inadequate German assistance. The Kerry Brigade of the Irish Volunteers might have tried to rescue him over the next three days, but was ordered by its leadership in Dublin to "do nothing".
    At Casement's highly publicised trial for treason, the prosecution had trouble arguing its case as Casement's crimes had been carried out in Germany and the medieval Treason Act 1351 seemed to apply only to activities carried out on British (or English) soil. Closer reading of the ancient document allowed for a broader interpretation, leading to the accusation that Casement was "hanged on a comma". The court decided that a comma should be read in the text, crucially widening the sense so that "in the realm or elsewhere" meant where acts were done and not just where the "King's enemies" may be.
    Casement made an unsuccessful appeal against the conviction and death sentence. Among the many people who pleaded for clemency were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who was acquainted with Casement through the work of the Congo Reform Association, W. B. Yeats and George Bernard Shaw. Edmund Dene Morel could not visit him in jail, being under attack for his pacifist position. On the other hand, Joseph Conrad, who had a son at the front, could not forgive Casement for his treachery toward Britain, nor did his friend the sculptor Herbert Ward. Members of the Casement family in Antrim contributed discreetly to the defence fund, although they had sons in the army and navy.
    Casement was received into the Catholic Church while awaiting execution and was attended by a Catholic priest, Fr. James McCarroll, who said of Casement that he was "a saint ... we should be praying to him [Casement] instead of for him". He was hanged by John Ellis and his assistants at Pentonville Prison in London on 3 August 1916, at the age of 51.
    As was the custom at the time, Casement's body was buried in quicklime in the prison cemetery at the rear of Pentonville Prison, where he was hanged. In 1965, Casement's body was repatriated to Ireland and, after a state funeral, was buried with full military honours in the Republican plot in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin after lying in state at Arbour Hill for five days, during which time an estimated half a million people filed past his coffin. The President of Ireland, Éamon de Valera, who in his mid-eighties was the last surviving leader of the Easter Rising, defied the advice of his doctors and attended the ceremony, along with an estimated 30,000 Irish citizens. Casement's last wish, to be buried at Murlough Bay on the North Antrim coast has yet to be fulfilled as Harold Wilson's government released the remains only on condition that they not be brought into Northern Ireland. Interestingly, the 1966 British Cabinet record of the decision refers to him as Sir Roger Casement.

    Cheers, Pat

  6. #16

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    1916 Irish Volunteer's arm band made by Bergins, real Irish Poplin consisting of green body with orange bands, gold coloured Oglaigh na h'Eireann emblem and 1916 to centre The 1916 arm band was the first of the decorations given to veteran volunteers of the 1916 Easter Rising. It was awarded at a ceremony held at the Rotunda Rink, Dublin on Sunday 21st April 1935 to mark the 19th anniversary of the Rebellion. The arm band was worn by veterans in conjunction with civilian attire on ceremonial occasions prior to the introduction of the 1916 medal which was awarded on 24th Jan 1941.


    Cheers, Pat

  7. #17

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    A 1916 silver and enamel reversible button hole badge in the shape of the island of Ireland depicting Irish citizen army volunteer bearing arms in front of G.P.O. Dublin with Gaelic script "eireocamid Aris" ( we will rise again). To the reverse it has 1916 and celtic interwoven designs filled with enamel. Hallmarks are for Dublin 1934 and a makers mark that reads J & M. Co.


    Cheers, Pat

  8. #18

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    Hi Pat,hope you dont mind me posting here but this is a British War Medal awarded to a Dublin man who was with the 10th Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers who was wounded in the Rising, Irish regiments of the British army played a prominent part in the supression of the Rising.

    This is just a single War medal but it belonged to a man who had experienced two momentous events in Irish History,The Great War and the Easter Rising of 1916, and he also had the misfortune to be wounded in both.I had the good fortune to find Pte. Byrnes service record on Ancestry and gather the following information.

    Pte Michael Byrne was a 28 year old postman from The Demense,Lucan,Co. Dublin who enlisted into the 10 Batt RDFon the 21/1/1916 stating his Mother Annie of the same address as his NOK.He stood 5ft 6ins with a 38in chest.
    The 10th Batt. were a newly formed service Batt. formed from the Commercial Company of the 5th Batt Royal Dublin Fusiliers.They were dubbed the Commercial Pals but there are references to them being also called "Redmonds Shopkeepers"by local wits.Some of the recruits may also have been members of Redmonds National Volunteers, and would have had previous military training.
    By the 24/4/1916 the 10th were stationed at Royal Barracks,Dublin,(Now Collins Barracks).Approx 37 officers and 430 men of the 10th were in the barracks that day when Rebel forces occupied key buildings around Dublin, when rifle fire was heard around the city some companies of the 10th were mobilised for action.
    The RDF had their first contact with the Rebels at the Medicity Institute where the rebels were led by Captain Sean Heuston and 15 men who were to prevent and delay crown forces from relieving Dublin Castle.Byrne was most likely wounded in this or a subsequent action as his Service Record states he received bullet wounds to the chest, abdomen,and arm on the 24/4/16 in the Dublin Rebellion.Further notes from his SR refer to 6 puncture wound from shrapnel,(various).Newspaper reports from the period suggest Byrne was first treated at the Meath Hospital and later in the King George V Hospitial.
    Pte. Byrne appears to have made a full recovery as he was with his battalion when it went to France on the 18/8/16 where they joined 190th Infantry Brig of the 63rd royal Naval Division.September and October was spent learning trench warfare and preparing for the next offensive.This came on the 13th of November when the battalion went in to
    action with the 63rd Div in the battle of the Ancre, over the next 3 days the battalion suffered 242 casualties from an initial attacking force of 493 officers and men.I dont know whem Michael Byrne was wounded but he was in the 3rd Canadian general Hospitial on the 15/11/16 with a shrapnel wound to his back.He was shipped back to England on the 18/11/16 to recuperate at the Cambridge Hospital , Aldershot.
    Byrne never went back into action but did attend bombing and anti gas school at Otley on two occasions in 1917/18 and finished the war with the rank of L/Serjeant,(or is that an appointment?)Byrne was discharged on the 21/2/1919 and his character was described as very good, he was entitled to the War Medal and Victory Medal.All in all a fascinating journey for an Irish soldier.
    Attached Images Attached Images

  9. #19

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    Very educational thread lad.
    You have the makings of a fine man.

  10. #20

    Default Re: Éirí Amach na Cásca

    I dont mind at all Mate, Anyone can post. I was just going to post some information about the silly auction where somoneone tried to sell a piece of Micheal Collins hair and a cotten swab that cleaned his dead face.

    Thanks Steve

    Cheers, Pat

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