10-10-2016 11:05 AM
The first shovel is WWII german and marked for the Wehrmacht Heer (paint not original)
The second shovel is not WWII german produced but the pressed cardboard cover is...
Once the paint is cleaned on the first shovel, you should put it in the cardboard cover.
On the third set the cover is marked SA for the finnish army...
Have a look at the back of riveted shovels for markings
Last edited by JPhilip; 10-10-2016 at 09:16 PM.
"I didn't use any weapon in combat during the war, but i killed hundreds, perhaps thousands of men...they're now at the bottom of the sea"
Walter Borg (ex-MI6) Agent and radio operator in Malta, Tunisia and Italy between 1941 and 1945. Arrested twice, tortured twice, escaped twice, survived the war...
"The future torments us, the past holds us, that is why the present escapes us."
In Memoriam :
Laurent Huart (1964-2008)
If it wasn't for the strange "lip" on the top of the last shovel, I would have sworn it was a Linnemann shovel.
The original shovel - the mother of all the small entrenching tools on the entire continent.
But I am positive it isn't. The shovel is however an older model than the other three, as it has the "retaining ring" mounted separate.
I could be one of the different models of the shovel Linnemann produced at his Austrian plant before WWI, but again I am very reluctant to believe this.
A bit of history:
In 1869 the Danish officer Mads Johan Buch Linnemann "invented" the small shovel all collectors and "fanboys" incorrectly label a German invention. In 1870 it was patented and supplied to the Danish Army, and the following year the Austrian Army adopted the entrenching tool.
Later Linnemann set up a factory in Vienna to make the tool, and it was later introduced to Germany, France, Romania, Russian, The Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and many others. It was used for the first time (extensible) during the First Balkan War of 1912-1913, where it proved a great success. Germany never officially recognised his patent. Neither did France. Only Russia, Denmark and Norway recognised his patent - and paid him the royalties he was entitled to.
(Source: Nieuwenhuis, Peder (1887–1905), "Johan Linnemann", in: C.F. Bricka (ed.), Dansk Biografisk Lexikon. Copenhagen: Gyldendal)
The original 1870 pattern looks like this:
Πόλεμος πάντων μεν πατήρ εστί, πάντων δε βασιλεύς.