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The Cross of Liberty Awards

Article about: by dastier Finnish date codes to 1945: Attachment 425893 Finnish makers mark Suomen Kultaseppa OY - Hammer with Wings: Attachment 425892 Finnish Postwar Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Sporr

  1. #1

    Default The Order of the Cross of Liberty

    The Cross of Liberty was instituted in 1918 and re-commissioned in 1939. There were various grades from the Grand Cross to the 4th class Liberty Cross. The Cross of Liberty Orders are consider Finland highest military distinctions. Caveat Emptor - these are being faked.

    Shown is my Military Division 4th class Liberty Cross. The front of the cross is black enamel with a silver Finnish style swastika and a white rose in the center. The reverse is a black enamel cross with '1939' in the center. This Order has 'swords' surrounded by a wreath on a Military Division ribbon. The 'swords' are presented by two arms - one brandishing a sword on the left, and the other a scimitar on the right. I believe this signifies that the award was given for gallantry in battle (please correct me if I am wrong). The Cross of Liberty Civilian Division is blue enamel instead of black.

    The Military Division ribbon in form of a semi-bow is red with two white stripes placed centrally. There is also a Civilian Division ribbon, yellow with red stripes from 1941 onwards. Note that in 1939 the ribbon for the Civilian Division was also red with white stripes.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Cross of Liberty 4th Class 1939 front.jpg 
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Size:	221.6 KB 
ID:	409316

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Cross of Liberty 4th Class 1939 back.jpg 
Views:	143 
Size:	226.6 KB 
ID:	409318

    Apologies for the slightly out of focus pics. Long day.
    Last edited by dastier; 12-12-2012 at 01:41 AM. Reason: Fixed grammar.

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  3. #2

    Default The Medal of Liberty

    Shown are my Medals of Liberty 1st and 2nd Class including one with the Red Cross.

    1939 Medal of Liberty 2nd Class
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 2nd class 1939 back and 1941 front.jpg 
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ID:	409328

    1941 Medal of Liberty 2nd Class
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 2nd class 1941 back and 1939 front.jpg 
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Size:	225.0 KB 
ID:	409329

    Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Red Cross
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Red Cross front 1941 (hallmarked, only 350 issued) fr.jpg 
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ID:	409330

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Red Cross 1941(hallmarked, only 350 issued) back.jpg 
Views:	134 
Size:	252.0 KB 
ID:	409331

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Red Cross 1941(hallmarked, only 350 issued) close up .jpg 
Views:	168 
Size:	225.4 KB 
ID:	409332

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Red Cross 1941(hallmarked, only 350 issued) close up .jpg 
Views:	132 
Size:	231.5 KB 
ID:	409333

    Again Caveat Emptor...

  4. #3
    ?

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Very nice medals Mike , the Liberty cross 4th class is a super design .
    REGARDS AL

    We are the Pilgrims , master, we shall go
    Always a little further : it may be
    Beyond that last blue mountain barred with snow
    Across that angry or that glimmering sea...

  5. #4
    ?

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Good looking medals. Thanks for sharing!
    Collect ROA, Cossack, Schuma and other WW2 Volunteer militaria.

    "Be Humble and kind, for you may find that it was Odin you entertained"

  6. #5

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Here is another 1941 dated Medal of Liberty, 1st Class that I have. Apologies for the medal being within the plastic sleeve when I snapped the photo - I was in a rush.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class 1941 front.jpg 
Views:	121 
Size:	225.6 KB 
ID:	424327Click image for larger version. 

Name:	my Finnish Medal of Liberty 1st Class 1941 back.jpg 
Views:	136 
Size:	226.2 KB 
ID:	424328

  7. #6

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Seldom seen medals - Nice !
    Regards,


    Steve.

  8. #7

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    I also want to point out the different hallmarks on the two 1st Class Medals of Liberty: on the one with the Red Cross, the hallmark has the Finnish crown stamp. On the other it appears to have a heart stamp - however I think it may be the Swedish triple crowns stamp. I believe Finland did get some awards made in Sweden by Sporrong & Co., Stockhom.

    Reference: Basic Hallmarks Identification

    Update: On the 1941 Liberty Medal the hallmark in question is the Finnish crown and not the Swedish triple crown stamp.
    Last edited by dastier; 12-12-2012 at 01:47 AM.

  9. #8

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Here's a link to Finnish date codes. Date codes are important to verify if that advertised medal is indeed from the period its claimed to be. Some Finnish medals were produced post war and collectors should be aware that unscrupulous or just plain unaware seller might advertise a medal as prewar or WW2 when its not.

    http://www.925-1000.com/Ffinland_Date_Code.html

  10. #9

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Finnish date codes to 1945:

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Finnish Silver date codes 1918 to 1945 from Wehrmacht Awards.jpg 
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ID:	425893

    Finnish makers mark Suomen Kultaseppa OY - Hammer with Wings:
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Finnish silversmith Suomen Kultaseppa OY Hammer with Wings hallmark.jpg 
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Size:	45.7 KB 
ID:	425892

    Finnish Postwar Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Sporrong and Co makers mark:
    Name:  Finnish Postwar Medal of Liberty 1st Class Sporrong hallmark close up.jpg
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Size:  16.5 KB

    Finnish 1941 Medal of Liberty 1st Class with Hopeatehdas OY makers mark:
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Finnish 1942 Medal of Liberty 1st Class Hopeatehdas oy hallmark .jpg 
Views:	144 
Size:	26.4 KB 
ID:	425897

    Unknown (to me) Finnish makers mark:
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Finnish 1940 Danish Volunteer Cross hallmarks close up.jpg 
Views:	241 
Size:	40.6 KB 
ID:	425896

  11. #10

    Default Re: The Cross of Liberty Awards

    Those are nice thanks for showing them.

    Eric
    [h=3]e plu·ri·bus u·num[/h]

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