Become our sponsor and display your banner here
Page 2 of 9 FirstFirst 123456 ... LastLast
Results 11 to 20 of 84

British Union of Fascists

Article about: Would appreciate thoughts on the authenticity of this British Union of Fascists pin-back badge? These are unfamiliar territory for me so any information will be gratefully received.

  1. #11
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Quote by 4thskorpion View Post
    I would very much like to see them

    Do you per have first issue badge with Kings crown or a photo source?
    Ditto that!

    Now that its mentioned; strange, that the British Fascist movement is not much touched upon here.


    Rotha Lintorn-Orman and the Mitford sisters; quite the odd ladies.
    Attached Images Attached Images  

  2. #12

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Quote by Scout View Post
    Ditto that!

    Now that its mentioned; strange, that the British Fascist movement is not much touched upon here.
    There is also the little discussed subject of fascism in Scotland as described in the recent book:

    Fascist Scotland: Caledonia and the Far Right
    by Gavin Bowd
    Last edited by StefanM; 06-19-2013 at 08:05 PM.
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

  3. #13
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Firstly, the British Fascists', first pattern badge, with the kings crown, made by J.R. Gaunt.

    I don't have one of these but have obtained a picture off the 'net. As already mentioned, the British Fascists got into trouble for using the crown without official approval and so had to withdraw the design and the badges. This suggests that they should be very rare. However, these badges have been copied -- using the original dies, I believe.
    Attached Images Attached Images  

  4. #14
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Turning to the British Union of Fascists (1932-40), Sir Oswald Mosley's movement, later known as British Union.

    I've got a couple of the membership badges but find that my basic camera won't take very good pictures of them. So instead I've found some good pictures off the net. They show: The first pattern badge, which is a gilt fasces (1932-34); the second, which is a gilt fasces on a union flag background (1934-35) and the circle-flash, issued from 1935 onwards. The fasces was originally adopted from Italy, and then given the union flag background to make it more patriotic. The circle flash, symbolising 'the flash of action within the circle of unity' was the BU's unique symbol which eventually replaced the fasces. I have also included an armband, which is in my possession. These seem to have been made in various forms but this is probably the most common. These are only the basic examples - there are many other variations and other badges for various special purposes. The standard source is John Millican's book 'Mosley's Men in Black', which is still available and essential for anyone interested in collecting these things.

    All of these badges and the armband have been copied but - so-far - the fakes have been very poor copies of the original badges and would fool no one with a degree of knowledge. There have been a lot of copies of the first pattern badge on e-bay, which are castings made from an original, but they lack the crisp detail of the real thing. Armbands have also been copied, most are very different in form and material but there are some very close ones.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	BUF Pattern 1.jpg 
Views:	273 
Size:	26.0 KB 
ID:	527719Click image for larger version. 

Name:	BUF Pattern 2.jpg 
Views:	220 
Size:	25.4 KB 
ID:	527720Name:  BUF Pattern 3.JPG
Views: 1359
Size:  18.8 KBClick image for larger version. 

Name:	BU armband.jpg 
Views:	1031 
Size:	181.9 KB 
ID:	527722

  5. #15
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Finally, I've added photos of some fairly random bits, which at least give a flavour of the extraordinary range of items produced by British Union in its short history. We have:

    A circular issued from January 1939 from BU's main publishing arm 'Greater Britain Publications'. 'The Greater Britain' was the name of the book with which Mosley launched fascism in 1932, and gave a detailed blueprint of the fascist new order based on the corporate state.

    Front page from a Greater Britain Publications book list from October 1938

    A menu for luncheon meeting held at the Criterion restaurant in April 1940. BU organised meetings in all sorts of venues, from street corners and market squares to up-market venues. When they met at the Criterion, the movement only had about a month left before the authorities would pounce and intern around a thousand members without trial and ban the organisation.

    Greetings card with BU Honour Standard. The Honour Standards were issued to branches from late 1938 onwards.

    Front Cover of the BU pamphlet Strength Through Health, outlining the BU medical policy. British Union produced a plethora of pamphlets on all sorts of policy topics and was perhaps the most sophisticated fascist movement in this respect.

    A Mosley Picture Disc - 78 rpm record, made of shallac on carboard. These records (set of 2) have excerpts of Mosley's speech from one of the Blackshirt's Albert Hall meetings. The fascists held meetings in many of the largest venues; for example, apart from the Albert Hall, they had gatherings at Earls Court and - most notoriously - at Olympia in 1934.

    I hope these items are of interest. I'm not really a collector as such, but have been researching and writing on this topic for many years so acquired odd items here and there.

    Philip C

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	GB News.jpg 
Views:	187 
Size:	115.0 KB 
ID:	527727Click image for larger version. 

Name:	GB Pubs.jpg 
Views:	213 
Size:	182.9 KB 
ID:	527728Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Criterion.jpg 
Views:	224 
Size:	211.8 KB 
ID:	527729Click image for larger version. 

Name:	BU Card.jpg 
Views:	141 
Size:	31.0 KB 
ID:	527730Click image for larger version. 

Name:	BU Med Pol.jpg 
Views:	640 
Size:	139.9 KB 
ID:	527731Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Record.jpg 
Views:	468 
Size:	221.1 KB 
ID:	527732

  6. #16

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Many thanks DrPMC for posting fascinating material and information, thanks also for the "Mosley's Men in Black" recommendation!

    Do you know if there were any links or contacts between the BUF and Ramsey's "The Right Club"?
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

  7. #17
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Quote by 4thskorpion View Post
    Do you know if there were any links or contacts between the BUF and Ramsey's "The Right Club"?
    If my memory is correct, I believe that there were 'links' between the BUF and The Right Club, inasmuch as both were in favour of a negotiated peace with Germany and there were also individuals who were involved in both groups. However, as you no doubt know, it was the so-called 'Tyler Kent Affair' which made the Right Club significant (Kent was the cipher clerk in the US embassy in London who was smuggling out secret material and passing it on to Right Club member, Anna Wolkoff who had some notion of passing it to Germany). There is no evidence that the BUF as an organisation were in anyway involved in that, or any similar form of treachery. There are good accounts of the business in Richard Thurlow's book Fascism in Britain, which is the best general survey of the fascism in Britain and A.W.B. Simpson's In the Highest Degree Odious which is the highly detailed and authoritative account of detention under Defense Regulation 18b. There is also Richard Griffiths' Patriotism Perverted which is detailed study about Ramsay and the Right Club.

    Regarding fascism in Scotland, there is was a fine article on the subject published in 2008. It is accessible by going to War Diaries of a Little Englander and then scrolling down to the picture of the blackshirt on the right hand side. If you click on the PDF icon on the page that than comes up, you will reach the full text. The author is a much better writer and historian than the person who wrote the book mentioned earlier in this thread.

    Glad that the BUF items were of interest - I'll try to put up some more when I can.

  8. #18

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Quote by DrPMC View Post
    If my memory is correct, I believe that there were 'links' between the BUF and The Right Club, inasmuch as both were in favour of a negotiated peace with Germany and there were also individuals who were involved in both groups.
    Thank you for this information, much appreciated...

    Quote by DrPMC View Post
    There is also Richard Griffiths' Patriotism Perverted which is detailed study about Ramsay and the Right Club.
    Quote by DrPMC View Post
    Regarding fascism in Scotland, there is was a fine article on the subject published in 2008. It is accessible by going to War Diaries of a Little Englander
    ...and for the further recommended reading!

    Quote by DrPMC View Post
    Glad that the BUF items were of interest - I'll try to put up some more when I can.
    Will look forward to it


    Was there any suggestion that Lord Halifax who was considered one of the main proponents of the prewar policy of appeasement connected with any of these rightist or fascistic groups?
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

  9. #19
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Quote by 4thskorpion View Post
    Was there any suggestion that Lord Halifax who was considered one of the main proponents of the prewar policy of appeasement connected with any of these rightist or fascistic groups?
    To rather belatedly reply to your question, I am confident that the answer is no. Although I'm no expert and its a long time since I've read anything on the subject, I believe that 'appeasement' as practiced by the National Government under Neville Chamberlain was quite different in its motivations and intentions vis-a-vis Germany: whereas British fascists had some degree of ideological affinity to National Socialism in Germany, the appeasers essentially abhorred Nazism and hoped to draw Germany back into the European economic and political system and strengthen the hand of opposition forces. It was also the case that Britain was dreadfully overstretched in the 30s - militarily and financially weak and in no shape to fight a war against both Germany and Japan. In this last respect, the appeasers calculation was correct - waging the war left the country bankrupt and brought about the end of empire.

    I've also added another small sample of items relating to the BUF, this time relating to their biggest every rally, which was held at Earls Court. The are various estimates of how many attended, but there is no disputed that it was many thousands. The meeting was also distinguished by the fact that it was entirely peaceful, with no attempts by anti-fascists to disrupt it. There were six groups of five hundred blackshirt stewards in hall, each wearing one the six different coloured badges - a white one being shown here (not mine). Although the meeting was called at short notice, when the hall became available due to a cancellation, publicity was successfully achieved, despite having no exposure in the national papers which followed an informal policy of not reporting anything about the BUF, except when there was major disorder. I've also included several photos of the rally in progress - although they are commonly seen on the net they may be of interest collected with the other items here.

    Philip

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Earls court -poster.jpg 
Views:	292 
Size:	47.8 KB 
ID:	530343Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Programme Title Page.jpg 
Views:	166 
Size:	72.8 KB 
ID:	530337Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Earls Court Letterhead.jpg 
Views:	275 
Size:	88.4 KB 
ID:	530336Name:  Steward's Badge.jpg
Views: 1619
Size:  79.6 KBClick image for larger version. 

Name:	Earls Court Letter.jpg 
Views:	198 
Size:	80.6 KB 
ID:	530338Name:  earls court - podium.jpg
Views: 2264
Size:  52.5 KBClick image for larger version. 

Name:	Earls Court.jpg 
Views:	247 
Size:	121.7 KB 
ID:	530340Name:  earls court - Hall, with sauting fascists.jpg
Views: 1651
Size:  52.8 KBClick image for larger version. 

Name:	Earls court, whole hall.jpg 
Views:	2314 
Size:	66.2 KB 
ID:	530342

  10. #20
    ?

    Default Re: British Union of Fascists badge?

    Great pics. Very interesting. Quite the turnout.

Page 2 of 9 FirstFirst 123456 ... LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. Need Help! British Cap Badge - Opinions Please

    In Orders, medals and decorations
    03-22-2013, 01:03 PM
  2. 08-12-2012, 10:03 AM
  3. Question 1935 German Auto Union Racing Badge marked Ges. gesch A. Stübbe Berlin

    In Non-Combat Uniforms and related insignia of the Third Reich
    06-09-2012, 01:39 AM
  4. Very unusual British cap badge

    In Insignia, Flags and regalia
    04-27-2012, 12:12 AM
  5. 11-12-2011, 12:55 AM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •