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SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

Article about: Hey Guys i just typed an essay for school and i know it may be a burden to some of you but could you please correct me if im wrong on some of the historical facts. I now i left alot out beca

  1. #1
    ?

    Default SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Hey Guys i just typed an essay for school and i know it may be a burden to some of you but could you please correct me if im wrong on some of the historical facts. I now i left alot out because im really tired and this has taken me 2 and a half hours.
    Thanks Ryan



    SS-TV-3rd Panzer
    The SS-Totenkopfverbande ”SS-TV” meaning Death Head Unit was the SS organization responsible for the death camps. The SS-TV was an independent unit within the SS with its own ranks and command structure. The SS-TV was led by a ruthless commander named Theodor Eicke. He was one of the concentration camp inspectors who was in charge of replacing all the regular troops with experienced SS soldiers and officers. The first camp he was in charge of was Dachau and was later on in charge of opening many other camps like Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Ravensbruk, and Mauthausen. In 1940 he was promoted to SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt which made him in charge of a lot more concentration camps.
    One of the SS-TV’s goals was extermination of the lesser race. It ran the camps throughout Germany, such as Dachau and Buchenwald. Within Nazi-occupied Europe, it ran Auschwitz in German occupied Poland, and Mauthausen in Austria as well as many other concentration and Death Camps As the years progressed personnel from Dachau then went on to work at Sachsenhausen camp and the Oranienburg camp, where Eicke established his central office. In 1935 Dachau became the training center for the concentration camps service. Many of the early recruits came from the ranks of the SA and SS. Senior roles were filled by personnel from the German police service.
    The SS-TV were known for their brutality and were punished if they showed and humanity to the prisoners. They were known for beating prisoners to death if they do one thing wrong. The SS-TV were separated into ranks in the camps the hierarchy of the camp started with the highest being Kommandant, who was running everything and was always assisted by a command staff. The prison barracks within the camp were supervised by a Rapportführer who was responsible for daily roll call and the camp daily schedule. The individual prisoner barracks were overseen by junior SS-NCOs “Non Commissioned Officer” called Blockführer who had one to two squads of SS soldiers responsible for overseeing the prisoners. Within extermination camps, the Blockführer was in charge of the Sonderkommando, which was the Jewish police force of the camps. The Blockführer was also the person who would physically gas victims in the camp gas chambers.
    In May 18, 1939 Hitler ordered the SS-TV to increase their size to about 25,000 men in event of combat mobilization. This is what changed the SS-TV into the SS-Totenkopfdivision. Hitler said that the SS-TD “SS Totenkopfdivision” would serve as combat replacements for the SS Verfugungstuppe “Regular SS”. As the Wehrmacht invaded Poland on September 7th 1939, the SS-TD was ordered to stay back. On September 8th 1939 the overall strength of the SS-TD was just under 25,000 troops. There were three regiments that were assigned to the rear areas in Poland to conduct police and security measures behind German lines. The SS-TD had no military value on capturing Poland, but instead they used their military power to terrorize the civilian population. They did that by hunting down straggling polish soldiers, confiscating agriculture, and torturing and murdering large numbers of political leaders, aristocrats, businessmen, priests, intellectuals, and Jews.
    As the conflict on the eastern front ended for a while the SS-TD was shipped to the western front preparing for the blitzkrieg assault into France. They were initially held in reserve during the assault into France and the Low Countries in May 1940. They were committed on 16 of May to the Front in Belgium. The SS-TD soldiers fought fanatically, suffering heavy losses. On May 19th the SS-TD was on the French border and fought for one week committed its first War Crime, it is called the Le Paradis massacre. The 4th division on the SS-TD was taking heavy fire from a british occupied building. The british soldiers finally surrendered after running out of ammunition. There was 99 members of the Royal Norfolk Division that came out of the building with the white flag waving. The 4th division leader Fritz Knochlein lined them up on the wall and gunned down and killed 97 of the 99 surrendered British soldiers and officers. The two soldiers that survived were very badly wounded and survived the war. After the war Fritz Knochlein was tried at the Nuremburg Trials and was found guilty and was sentenced to death.
    In 1941, the division was ordered East to join General Erich Hoepner. He was one of the generals of Army Group North, and was tasked with advancing on Leningrad and formed the northern wing of Operation Barbarossa. The SS-TD saw action in Lithuania and Latvia, and by July had breached the highly prized Stalin line. The division then advanced by Demjansk to Leningrad where it was involved in heavy fighting from 31 July to 25 August. The Soviets launched some major offences during that time period and about 90,000 SS and SS-TD Troops were in circled by the Russians for several months. They were in circled near the town of Demjansk in what would come to be known as the Demjansk Pocket. During these battles the SS-TD suffered so greatly that, due to its reduced size, it was re-designated to a smaller division. The Division was pulled out of the eastern front and shipped to France to be re-fitted and re-supplied, they would not be shipped back to the western front until February 1943.
    In February of 1943 they were shipped back to the eastern front to be part of General Van Mansteins Army Group South. They would be part in the Battle of Kharkov where General Eicke was killed as his recon plane was shot down over Soviet occupied area. The SS-TD was then shifted to the north to be part of Operation Citadel which was to attack the Kursk salient. They held off the soviets but later they broke through the German lines and made them fall back to the Romanian Border. The SS-TD had many more offensive and defensive actions and were eventually pushed back to Poland. After a while the Russians put a bounty on SS-TD soldiers and would give a reward on each one that was killed.
    The Germans were pushed all the way back to Warsaw Poland by July of 1944 and won a few major battles but were eventually broken through by the Russians. The SS-TD did not want to be captured by the Soviets, so they attacked the American 11th Armored Division. The Americans, who suffered heavy losses, were angered by this. And when the SS-TD Surrendered to the U.S they were immediately handed over to the Russians. The senior officers that were with them were immediately executed by the Russians. The Rest was sent to labor camps in Siberia and only a handful made back to Germany after the war.

  2. #2

    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Hi Ryan, I am making some corrections and additions for you. I will post it later today.

    Cheers, Ade.
    Had good advice? Saved money? Why not become a Gold Club Member, just hit the green "Join WRF Club" tab at the top of the page and help support the forum!

  3. #3

    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Hi Ryan, I have not re-written your text. I have simply made a few corrections and clarified a few points. It might be worth you adding a bit more about the SS-TV and how younger men were drafted out of the camp system during the war and posted to the front and being replaced with older age men. Also you need to write about what happened to those who served in the camp system.

    Cheers, Ade.

    SS-Totenkopfverbande and the 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf"

    The SS-Totenkopfverbande or ”SS-TV” meaning Death Head Unit was the SS organization responsible for the death camps. The SS-TV was an independent unit within the SS with its own ranks and command structure. The SS-TV was led by a ruthless commander named Theodor Eicke. He was one of the concentration camp inspectors who was in charge of replacing all the regular troops with experienced SS soldiers and officers. The first camp he was in charge of was Dachau and was later on in charge of opening many other camps like Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Ravensbruk, and Mauthausen. In 1940 he was promoted to the office of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt, and appointed Inspector of the Concentration Camps.

    One of the SS-TV’s goals was extermination of the “lesser race”. It ran the camps throughout Germany, such as Dachau and Buchenwald. Within Nazi-occupied Europe, it ran Auschwitz in German occupied Poland, and Mauthausen in Austria, as well as many other concentration and Death Camps. As the years progressed personnel from Dachau then went on to work at Sachsenhausen camp and the Oranienburg camp, where Eicke established his central office. In 1935 Dachau became the training center for the concentration camps service. Many of the early recruits came from the ranks of the SA and SS. Many senior roles were filled by personnel from the German Police service.

    The SS-TV were known for their brutality and were punished if they showed and humanity to the prisoners. They were known for beating prisoners to death if they do one thing wrong. The SS-TV were separated into ranks in the camps the hierarchy of the camp started with the highest being Kommandant, who was running everything and was always assisted by a command staff. The prison barracks within the camp were supervised by a Rapportführer who was responsible for daily roll call and the camp daily schedule. The individual prisoner barracks were overseen by junior SS-NCOs called Blockführer who had one to two squads of SS soldiers responsible for overseeing the prisoners. Within extermination camps, the Blockführer was in charge of the Sonderkommando, who were Jewish prisoners appointed to do much of the dirty work of the day to day running of the gas chambers and crematoriums. The Blockführer was also the person who would physically gas victims in the camp gas chambers.

    On May 18th 1939 Hitler ordered the SS-TV to increase their size to about 25,000 men in event of combat mobilization. This is what changed the SS-TV into the SS-Totenkopfdivision. Hitler said that the SS-TD “SS Totenkopfdivision” would serve as combat replacements for the “SS Verfugungstuppe “ or “SS-VT”. As the Wehrmacht invaded Poland on September 7th 1939, the SS-TD was ordered to stay back. On September 8th 1939 the overall strength of the SS-TD was just under 25,000 troops. There were three regiments that were assigned to the rear areas in Poland to conduct police and security measures behind German lines. The SS-TD had no military value in capturing Poland, but instead they used their military power to terrorize the civilian population. They did that by hunting down straggling polish soldiers, confiscating agriculture, and torturing and murdering large numbers of political leaders, aristocrats, businessmen, priests, intellectuals, and Jews.

    As the conflict in Poland had the SS-TD was shipped to the Western front preparing for the Blitzkrieg assault into France. They were initially held in reserve during the assault into France and the Low Countries in May 1940. They were committed on May 16th to the Front in Belgium. The SS-TD soldiers fought fanatically, suffering heavy losses. On May 19th the SS-TD was on the French border and fought for one week committed its first War Crime, it is called the Le Paradis massacre. The 4th Company on the SS-TD was taking heavy fire from a British occupied building. The British soldiers finally surrendered after running out of ammunition. 99 members of the Royal Norfolk Regt that came out of the building with the white flag waving. The 4th Company’s CO, Fritz Knochlein lined them up on the wall and gunned down and killed 97 of the 99 surrendered British soldiers and officers. The two soldiers that survived were very badly wounded and survived the war. After the war Fritz Knochlein was tried by a British Military Court at Rotherbaum, near Hamburg and was found guilty and was sentenced to death. He was hanged on 21st Jan 1949.

    In 1941, the division was ordered East to join General Erich Hoepner. He was one of the generals of Army Group North, and was tasked with advancing on Leningrad and formed the northern wing of Operation Barbarossa. The SS-TD saw action in Lithuania and Latvia, and by July had breached the highly prized Stalin line. The division then advanced by Demjansk to Leningrad where it was involved in heavy fighting from 31st July to 25th August. The Soviets launched some major offensives during that time period and about 90,000 SS and SS-TD Troops were in circled by the Russians for several months. They were in circled near the town of Demjansk in what would come to be known as the Demjansk Pocket. During these battles the SS-TD suffered greatly. The Division was pulled out of the Eastern front and shipped to France to be re-fitted and re-supplied. It was redesignated 3rd SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Totenkopf.

    In February of 1943 they were shipped back to the Eastern front to be part of General Von Manstein’s Army Group South. They would be part in the Battle of Kharkov where General Eicke was killed as his recconaisance plane was shot down over Soviet occupied area. The SS-TD was then shifted to the north to be part of “Operation Citadel” which was to attack the Kursk salient. (The largest tank battle in history) They held off the Soviets but later they broke through the German lines and in time made them fall back to the Romanian Border. The SS-TD fought many more offensive and defensive actions and were eventually pushed back into Poland. The Russians put a bounty on SS-TD soldiers and would give a reward on each one that was killed.

    The Germans were pushed all the way back to Warsaw Poland by July 1944 and several battles which delayed the Soviets, but the line was eventually broken through by the Red Army. The SS-TD did not want to be captured by the Soviets, so they retreated Westwards, attacking the US 11th Armored Division. The Americans, who suffered heavy losses, were angered by this. And when the SS-TD Surrendered to U.S forces they were immediately handed over to the Red Army. Many senior officers that were with them were immediately executed by the Russians. The rest was sent to labor camps in Siberia and only a handful made it back to Germany in 1955 when they were finally released from Soviet capivity.
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  4. #4
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    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Thanks So Much Ade!! I will do those corrections for monday when i will redo the paper.
    Thanks
    Ryan

  5. #5
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    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Ade you have the patience of a saint , even doing schoolwork for people
    The gates of hell were opened and we accepted the invitation to enter" 26/880 Lance Sgt, Edward Dyke. 26th Bn Northumberland Fusiliers , ( 3rd Tyneside Irish )

    1st July 1916

    Thought shall be the harder , heart the keener,
    Courage the greater as our strength faileth.
    Here lies our leader ,in the dust of his greatness.
    Who leaves him now , be damned forever.
    We who are old now shall not leave this Battle,
    But lie at his feet , in the dust with our leader

    House Carles at the Battle of Hastings

  6. #6
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    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    I would change the Russians to the Soviets, due historically it is right, the Russians are nationality, but USSR was a empyre with more than a 200 nationalities
    Here is a ethnic map of the USSR, printed in 1941 year with most bigger nationalities of USSR
    The bigger resolution is here http://www.karty.by/wp-content/uploa...USSR_19411.jpg
    Rectangle below, show the shortened names on the map
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Ethnic_map_USSR_19411.jpg 
Views:	263 
Size:	273.6 KB 
ID:	305039  
    Regards,
    Dimas

    my Skype: warrelics

  7. #7

    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Sometimes I think I would have liked to have gone into teaching: but having done about half a dozen school talks about WW2, I have come home mentally exhausted. So I don't think I could cope! A few lads in our living history group are teachers and they say it does get better with time.

    Cheers, Ade.
    Had good advice? Saved money? Why not become a Gold Club Member, just hit the green "Join WRF Club" tab at the top of the page and help support the forum!

  8. #8

    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    My goodness Ade is so nice..



    Josh

  9. #9
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    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    I've always wanted be a history teacher but its one of the hardest jobs to get due to how many people want to be them.
    Thanks again ade!!
    Ryan

  10. #10
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    Default Re: SS-TD and SS-TV Essay

    Well done that man!

    Ade strikes again.

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