I am a long time collector of U.S. Navy rating badges. I thought this thread could be of some use to this forum.
These are 1866 and 1869 offficer and specialty marks. These are acually patterns which the salior would use to sew the insignia needed to there uniform.
Petty Officcer's mark
Signal Quartermaster and other Quartermasters
There are more of these marks but that's all that I have.