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Außenlager Gabersdorf, Groß-Rosen sub-camp

Article about: KZ-Groß-Rosen had an extensive system of satellite camps, reaching across international boundaries and located within mountains, fields, towns and villages alike. One such site is the lesser

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    Default Außenlager Gabersdorf, Groß-Rosen sub-camp

    KZ-Groß-Rosen had an extensive system of satellite camps, reaching across international boundaries and located within mountains, fields, towns and villages alike.

    One such site is the lesser known Gabersdorf labour camp, later known as Aussenlager-Gabersdorf. Initially a ZAL (Zwangsarbeitslager für Juden / Forced Labour Camp for Jews), established as part of the Organisation Schmelt arrangement during January 1941, the camp held female inmates who were forced to work in the "Aryanised" spinning mill that had been taken over by a Viennese textile firm in 1939. The first wooden accommodation barracks are believed to have been constructed during this initial phase of the camp's existence. The companies A.Haase and J.A.Kluge u.Etrich also exploited female labourers at the camp.

    In spring 1944, the camp became an official satellite of Groß-Rosen, with mostly young Jewish girls and women, aged between 15 and 30, incarcerated at the site. A prisoner strength record of late October 1944 lists 363 women present, with over 60% in the aformentioned age category. Of the 363 women in the camp, all but 20 were Polish, with 18 Hungarians, 1 Czech and 1 Slovak making up the remainder. By mid November, 400 prisoners were recorded at Gabersdorf.

    Rations decreased as time went by, with the bread ration falling to a little over 200 grams a day. A tasteless, watery soup was often the only source of nourishment the women received. Due to the poor nutrition, difficult labour and illness, the condition of the women patently worsened. Two deaths were officially registered at the camp during its existence.

    The camp staff comprised mostly SS-Aufseherinnen, led by Kommandoführerin Charlotte Rose. Several male guards were also posted at the camp.

    Eventually, the camp was liberated by Soviet forces in early May 1945.

    Below is a post war image from the Yad Vashem Photo Archive, indicating the location of the former factory and camp within the village, nowadays located not far from Trutnov in the Czech Republic.

    The region is also located on the attached map.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture YadVashemPhotoArchive.jpg   TRUTNOV MAP.jpg  

    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

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    Another fine highlighting of the "facts" of history Carl, thank you once again! How the hell the deniers still have a voice is beyond me. Do you have any information as to whether any of the internees survived the camp and it's subsequent liberation? Leon.
    "Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut." Ernest Hemingway

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    Good work friend.
    Your research is important in dispelling the outlandish claims of the weak minded racist holocaust deniers.

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    Thank you kindly gents, appreciate your comments.

    Leon, regarding the fate of the liberated inmates, it is quite possible - although to my knowledge unconfirmed, that the prisoners from Gabersdorf were evacuated on one of the several marches that left the camps from the region, such as AL-Reichenau, AL-Parschnitz or FAL-Morchenstern. Some of the planned evacuations failed and prisoners were returned to the camps. The SS staff then invariably left, leaving the inmates to wait for their liberation, which came in early May when the Soviet forces entered the area. Of the marches that did leave the area, many were headed toward Theresienstadt - where thousands of liberated prisoners gathered in terrible conditions.

    The leader of the female guards at the Gabersdorf camp, Charlotte Rose, had earlier served at KZ-Stutthof and Stutthof sub-camp Bruß-Sophienwalde.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

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    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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    There were / are indeed survivors of Gabersdorf, but they do not want to join this public discussion or site. As noted above, Gabersdrof was a forced labor camp, not an extermination camp, although there were deaths.

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    Gabersdorf prisoners were not evacuated. They were liberated by the Russians 9 May 1945.

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    Fischthh "Gabersdrof was a forced labor camp, not an extermination camp, although there were deaths."

    Initially yes, the camp was a forced labour facility. Later, it became an official satellite of Groß-Rosen - and thus, a concentration camp. This is noted earlier in the thread.

    Fischthh "Gabersdorf prisoners were not evacuated. They were liberated by the Russians 9 May 1945."

    Again, please note the earlier post - to quote, "Eventually, the camp was liberated by Soviet forces in early May 1945."

    Nevertheless, thank you for your contribution toward the thread. The lesser known sites within the KZ system patently need more exposure.

    Regards,

    Carl

    p.s. Welcome to the forum!
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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    Today, 13th February 2015, marks the 70th annversary of the liberation of Groß-Rosen.

    70th Anniversary of the Liberation of KZ-Groß-Rosen
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture gross-rosen 9.8 (45).jpg   gross-rosen 9.8 (6).jpg  

    memorial.cross.jpg   Yom.Hashoah.candle.jpg  

    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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