One of numerous Flossenbürg sub-camps hastily established toward the end of the war, Außenlager Ganacker was founded near Wallersdorf, north of the Munich-Plattling railway line and 10km southwest of Deggendorf.
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CAMP:
Ganacker was established toward the end of February 1945.
Some 500 male prisoners were incarcerated at AL-Ganacker. Jews from Poland, Hungary, France and Greece comprised the largest share of the inmates, with non-Jews from Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, France and Germany also being among the prisoners. In all, seventeen different nationalities were represented within the camp.
Prisoners worked on the expansion and maintenance of the airbase located at Landau Ganacker, where a concrete runway was required for the fighter squadron's new Me262 aircraft. Most of the Kommando (work group) were forced to perform arduous leveling work, in addition to the runway construction, wagon unloading and gravel mining. Travel to work was a task in itself, with the accommodation site - from March onward, being several kilometres away from the work site.
Initially, the prisoners were held within a hall with boarded windows and a former sheep pen, located near the airbase. In March 1945, the inmates constructed "Finnenzelte" ("Finn tents"), large holes dug in the ground and covered with straw and a tented roof. Conditions in the camp were utterly deplorable. Ex-inmate Israel Offmann, who barely survived the ordeal having earlier been incarcerated at KL-Auschwitz, later recalled how "Auschwitz was a five star hotel, but Ganacker was hell!".
Kommandoführer Donath led a staff of approximately 50 members of the SS.
A minimum of 138 prisoners died at AL-Ganacker. Most were hastily buried in the nearby wooded areas.
On 24th April 1945, with the advancing allied forces approaching steadily, the SS attempted to vacate the camp. Many prisoners, unable to walk, were shot or died at the camp before allied forces arrived on the 29th April. Those who succumbed having been left at the camp mostly died of disease and malnutrition. More died during the "death march".
THE SITE TODAY:
Two memorials commemorate those who died or suffered at Außenlager Ganacker. One stands at the former site and the other is located at the nearby cemetery.
1. Commemorative stone.
2. The former site.