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Außenlager Nürnberg-SSW (Siemens-Schuckert Werke)

Article about: KZ-AUßENLAGER NÜRNBERG-SSW (SIEMENS-SCHUCKERT WERKE) - SUB-CAMP OF KZ-FLOßENBÜRG Located near the Südfriedhof (south cemetery), just south of the central Nürnberg ring road, the camp was est

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    Default Außenlager Nürnberg-SSW (Siemens-Schuckert Werke)

    KZ-AUßENLAGER NÜRNBERG-SSW (SIEMENS-SCHUCKERT WERKE) - SUB-CAMP OF KZ-FLOßENBÜRG

    Located near the Südfriedhof (south cemetery), just south of the central Nürnberg ring road, the camp was established in October 1944. The prisoners, Hungarian Jewish women and girls aged between 14 and 40 years old, were selected at Auschwitz-II Birkenau by representatives of the Siemens company, and then transported in railway cattle trucks - with very little space or food, to the new camp in Nürnberg. Two Auschwitz transport lists record 580 Jewish women and girls being transferred to the new site, yet Floßenbürg records differ, recording 550. The discrepancy likely is due to either the refusal of 30 women on arrival - probably due to poor physical condition, or a number of deaths during the transport. The prisoners were accompanied by 13 SS-Aufseherinnen (female wardens).

    The camp was a typical barracks camp, surrounded by barbed wire fencing. The staff, comprising 10 SS guards and a group of female guards supplied by the Siemens concern, were led by Kommandoführer SS-Oberscharführer Theodor St.Mont. Following a month long training period, the female guards were transferred to Außenlager Holleischen, another sub-camp of Floßenbürg.

    Around 200 of the women and girls were considered too weak or untrained for work, instead remaining inside the camp performing duties such as rust removal and metal shifting. A training period would precede any period on the production line. Some women worked at the Trafo und Zählerwerk, a part of the Siemens concern located in the southern part of the city. Due to their poor condition and lack of training, many accidents, such as burns, occured in the workplace.

    In mid-January, the SS transferred a prisoner nurse to the SSW site from the sub-camp at Neurohlau. Conditions remained very poor for the inmates, who rarely had underwear or warm clothing, despite the winter of 1944-1945. A solitary thin blanket was all the protection they were given from the cold. Many women and girls did not even have shoes. Roll call was generally orderred as a measure of punishment - with long periods of kneeling tormenting the inmates. The cutting of hair and regular beatings also blighted the women and girls at the camp.

    Floßenbürg records list three casualties, namely Rosa Kuhan, Bertha Katz and Helen Klein. Klein's ashes were buried in the western cemetery, along with six other female victims of concentration camps - five of whom were unknown Hungarian Jewesses. It is possible that some of those who died lost their lives during a bombing raid toward the end of February 1945, when the area suffered heavy damage. Following the air raid, which saw the accommodation facilities destroyed, the prisoners were moved to a school building on Zeltnerstraße, near to the main railway station and Siemens HQ. The women and girls were forced to eat snow in order to survive and even slept out in the open during this period. At the school site, the female prisoners were forced to remove rubble following the bombing raids. The site at Zeltnerstraße technically became another sub-camp, designated Außenarbeitslager Nürnberg 13a Zeltnerstraße, it also became a transit station for prisoners.

    Amid chaotic scenes in the first days of March 1945, three transports left the camp. On the 3rd March, 144 women and girls were transported to the Meltheuer sub-camp, with a further 146 leaving for AL-Holleischen - see links below:

    AFTER THE BATTLE No.162 - MY ARTICLE ON HOLLEISCHEN

    http://www.warrelics.eu/forum/konzen...65/#post631555

    Two days later, another transport took the remaining women and girls, around 260, to Holleischen. Both the Holleischen and Meltheuer sub-camps were liberated later in spring.

    Investigations eventually brought negotiations between several German firms and a Jewish Claims organisation, which led to few women receiving financial compensation from Siemens in the 1960's. After the war, Siemens directors Dr.Knott - director of the Nürnberg factory, and Dr.Georg Grieshammer - the official negotiator for Siemens, both denied responsibility for the poor conditions endured by the Hungarian Jewesses at Außenlager Nürnberg-SSW.




    IMAGES:

    1) Map of the Floßenbürg sub-camps located in Nürnberg

    2) Modern image of Katzwangerstraße, former location of the camp

    3) Another image showing Zeltnerstraße in modern times. The building on the left of the image now stands where the former school building - utilised to hold the women and girls of Außenlager Nürnberg-SSW, once stood
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture NÜRNBERG.MAP.jpg   NÜRN-SSW.KATZWANGERSTR.jpg  

    NÜRN-SSW.ZELTNERSTR.jpg  
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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    Excellent info Carl, many thanks for posting.
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

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    thank you Carl.

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    As always Karl good post.

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    Thank you gents.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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    Thank you for your well-researched contributions, Carl...Your KZ-related threads are an asset to the Forum...
    I have some documents from the Siemens-Schuckert firm in my collection...here's the company letterhead along with a salutation and signature from the personnel-department in 1941...
    cheers, Glenn
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture Picture 647.jpg   Picture 648.jpg  


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    Interesting augmentation Glenn, thank you for sharing and also for your kind words.

    Regards,

    Carl
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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    Great work once again Carl , it still amazes me just how many "household names" profited from the misery and death of so many innocent people. That's certainly not something you see them recalling on their sophisticated adverts!! Leon.
    "Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut." Ernest Hemingway

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