Become our sponsor and display your banner here
Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 18

Heydrich and the Theresienstadt banknotes

Article about: In the spring of 1942, the Nazis decided that a Ghetto bank should be created at Theresienstadt. The bank notes were designed by Czech artist/poet Petr Klein, and printed at the National Ban

  1. #1
    ?

    Default Heydrich and the Theresienstadt banknotes

    In the spring of 1942, the Nazis decided that a Ghetto bank should be created at Theresienstadt. The bank notes were designed by Czech artist/poet Petr Klein, and printed at the National Bank in Prague. Klein was born in 1919, and was one of many Jewish artists interned at Theresienstadt. He later died of disease soon after arriving at KZ-Auschwitz in October 1944, along with his wife and parents, none of whom survived the camp. His satirical play "The Marionettes", was performed at Theresienstadt 25 times.

    When Reinhard Heydrich was presented with Klein's design for the banknotes, he ordered that the image of Moses should be altered, stating that it appeared "too Aryan". Heydrich instructed the artist to adapt the image so that it resembled the classic Nazi caricature of the Jew. Hence, the larger ears, long hooked nose and curly hair were added. Another, unconfirmed story is that a further directive from Heydrich was added concerning the tablet that the caricature holds. The Ten Commandments were allowed to be present, however, Heydrich insisted that the caricature's hand be placed over the commandment "Thou Shall Not Kill".

    The notes themselves, although dated January 1st 1943, didn't enter circulation until May 1943. On the obverse of the note, the printed signature of "der Alteste der Juden" (Jewish Elder), Jakob Edelstein is shown. Edelstein, and later, Dr.Paul Eppstein, were very significant men in the Theresienstadt organisation. The denominations of the notes ranged from 1Krone through to 100Kronen, with the sizes adjusted accordingly, from 100x50mm (1K) to 150x77mm (100K). The higher denomination notes were even watermarked, as shown below.

    Amongst camp and ghetto money from the Third Reich period, the Theresienstadt notes are the most detailed. Some believed that they were designed as part of the disguise to mislead the Red Cross visitors but camp survivors corrected this misinformation many years ago.

    Due to the size of the ghetto, the demand for the notes was high and roughly 5 million were eventually produced, nearly half of which were the 1Krone note. The less common notes being the watermarked 20, 50 and 100 denominations.

    Carl

    NOTE: The idea that "Thou Shall Not Kill" was covered by the figure's hand is actually incorrect, as highlighted by 4thskorpion when he recently showed the tablet along with translations. However, the tablet is not fully shown on the notes, resulting in only a few of the words being visible.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture SDC12517.jpg   KZTH 100K 018880c.jpg  

    KZTH 100K 018880e.jpg   KZTH 10K A008a.jpg  

    SDC12544.jpg   SDC12533.jpg  

    KZTH 1K A001d.JPG   KZTH 100K 018880a.jpg  

    KZTH 10K A008b.JPG  
    Last edited by CARL; 10-14-2017 at 10:29 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  2. #2

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    What an interesting story, thanks for taking the time to tell it Carl.

  3. #3
    ?

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    Good thread Carl!

  4. #4

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    Fascinating story !

    I always look forward to you little historical gems Carl

    Nick
    "In all my years as a soldier, I have never seen men fight so hard." - SS Obergruppenfuhrer Wilhelm Bittrich - Arnhem

  5. #5

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    I really enjoy your 'history lessons', Carl. Fascinating bits of history that I've not heard before. Thanks for posting.

  6. #6

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    Great find, Carl

    Interesting that money was allowed in the Ghetto. On a side not, Heydrich was a smart and cunning son of a bitch! Its too bad he died only knowing the glory of the TR and not seeing its demise.

    Green

  7. #7
    ?

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    Thank you for your kind words gents, I am glad that you find it interesting.

    Regards,

    Carl
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  8. #8
    ?

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    Here is an image of the National Bank, where the banknotes were produced. Just one of the countless beautiful buildings in this city.

    Regards,

    Carl
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture SDC11799.jpg  
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  9. #9
    ?

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    A fine example of the least common denomination of the Theresienstadt banknotes, i.e. the 50 Kronen note. The higher denominations (20's, 50's and 100's), were all watermarked, as well as displaying the same fine detail of the lower denominations of Theresienstadt banknote. This piece is one of the finest detailed concentration camp / ghetto currency examples around, displaying quite wonderful detail.

    Regards,

    Carl
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture 50K Ea.jpg   50K Eb.jpg  

    50K Ec.jpg   50K Ed.jpg  

    Last edited by CARL; 10-14-2017 at 10:31 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  10. #10
    ?

    Default Re: Heydrich and the theresienstadt banknotes

    The remaining Theresienstadt denominations, not shown above, yet already located in another thread found within the paper items forum. Below are the 1, 2, 5 and 20Kronen examples. Note the watermarked Zwanzig Kronen piece.

    Regards,

    Carl
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture 1K A027b.JPG   TER 2K A009 a.jpg  

    5K A009a.jpg   SDC13716.jpg  

    SDC13714.jpg   SDC13718.jpg  

    SDC13722.JPG  
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. Theresienstadt

    In Konzentrationslagers
    05-09-2015, 12:26 PM
  2. A question relating to stamped banknotes.

    In History and Research Third Reich and WW2
    04-11-2014, 12:47 AM
  3. Theresienstadt Currency

    In Photos - Papers - Propaganda of the Third Reich
    08-30-2013, 08:33 AM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •