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KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

Article about: Hello friends, I wanted to add some additional information from the region I am living. The history of the town is often described as dark, most of what happened is not allowed to be talked

  1. #1
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    Default KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Hello friends,

    I wanted to add some additional information from the region I am living. The history of the town is often described as dark, most of what happened is not allowed to be talked about. The camp, has been totally destroyed after war, and now a small village was built on it, only the old entry is still standing.
    The tunnels in which the rocket parts were tested are one of the last memorys which were original to the time. Also the place were the SS baracks were standing has been destroyed. I will have to make pics myself from them when I have a little more time.

    Here some info I found:

    The SS Camp:
    The Ebensee concentration camp was erected as a labour camp subordinate to the Mauthausen concentration camp. The first inmates arrived in Ebensee on 18 November 1943. Until the time when the construction of the first barracks was finished, the prisoners had to stay in a storehouse of the weaving mill. To cover up the existence of the camp, SS officers used the code names Kalk (limestone), Kalksteinbergwerk (limestone mine), Solvay and Zement (cement).


    Purpose:
    The main purpose of Ebensee was to provide slave labour for the construction of the enormous underground tunnels which were to be used for research purposes and the development of the A9/A10 Interkontinentalrakete (intercontinental rocket). The original plan had to be given up as other productions of military importance were assigned a higher priority.

    Inmates:
    Apart from a few exceptions, all prisoners were registered in the Mauthausen concentration camp and then transported to the subordinate camp in Ebensee. According to the camp registers, 27,278 male prisoners were incarcerated in the Ebensee camp between 18 November 1943 and 6 May 1945. About 1,500 camp inmates were transferred from Ebensee to other subcamps, e.g. to Redl-Zipf (code name Schlier) or Wels and after several months brought back to Ebensee; as a result these prisoners were registered in the camp records a second time. From January 1945 onwards, transports with masses of prisoners arrived from evacuated concentration camps and led to an unbearable situation and the complete breakdown of supply. On 23 April 1945, the number of inmates in the Ebensee camp reached its peak with 18,509 prisoners. Members of the SS command tried to bring about the death of the new arrivals most of whom were of Jewish origin and therefore to minimise the number of camp inmates.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture 1439_a.jpg   k-D98.jpg  

    k-D126.jpg   k-D 147.JPG  

    kzold1.jpg   u1_kz-D156.jpg  

    anlagebplanul7.jpg   ebenseeanlageawn4.jpg  

    tunnel1.jpg   tunnel2.jpg  

    KZ_EBENSEE_01.jpg   campnow1.JPG  


  2. #2
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    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Some more pics i found. The old entry as seen the only revival of the old camp...
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture lager.jpg  

  3. #3

    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    hi thanks for the informative threads

  4. #4

    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Are the tunnels still there? It would be a great place to wander around......if it's safe Thanks for the info and pics. John

  5. #5
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    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Hi pzb , it`s amazing to see the photo of the main gate of the camp as it was then in b / w and as it is now in colour in such beautiful surroundings !! It doesn`t look to be the same place. A very historical area ,

    cheers Al

  6. #6
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    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Quote by pzb14 View Post
    Some more pics i found. The old entry as seen the only revival of the old camp...
    Very informative and interesting posts and photos , thanks
    The gates of hell were opened and we accepted the invitation to enter" 26/880 Lance Sgt, Edward Dyke. 26th Bn Northumberland Fusiliers , ( 3rd Tyneside Irish )

    1st July 1916

    Thought shall be the harder , heart the keener,
    Courage the greater as our strength faileth.
    Here lies our leader ,in the dust of his greatness.
    Who leaves him now , be damned forever.
    We who are old now shall not leave this Battle,
    But lie at his feet , in the dust with our leader

    House Carles at the Battle of Hastings

  7. #7

    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Great reading , very interesting history , cheers Raymond

  8. #8
    Zable
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    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    The old black and whites make it look an even dark and sinister place, as i am quite sure it was in its day. Interesting to see such a horror camp within Austria itself. I believe it was named as ''one of the most diabolic concentration camps ever built''

    Do you have any idea what the plaque on the gate reads.

    Thanks for sharing.

  9. #9
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    Default re: KZ-Außenlager Ebensee, project "Zement"

    Hello, I will read it next time when I am there. Some of the tunnels broke already down, one is used for memorial, its the one with beton inside. Some tunnels where started but never finished till end of the war.

    The steps are in the middle of the way from the former KZ to the tunnels, they were called Löwengang "~lion gate" because, the inmates were screwed through like animals in a circus, surrounded by electric fence and the deadly eye of the ss tk.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture KZ_Ebensee_0808008.jpg   KZ_Ebensee_0808009.jpg  

    KZ_Ebensee_0808002.jpg   KZ_Ebensee_0808006.jpg  

    KZ_Ebensee_0808011.jpg   Todesstollen.jpg  

    KZ_Ebensee_0808003.jpg  

  10. #10
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    Default

    Thread moved to the Konzentrationslagers forum.

    Guest Zable quote: "Interesting to see such a horror camp within Austria itself. I believe it was named as ''one of the most diabolic concentration camps ever built''

    In fact, there were many camps within Austria. The Mauthausen-Gusen camp system alone was vast, with well over fifty satellite camps. Many sub-camps - not only of Mauthausen-Gusen but others too, were established to provide the tunnel driving work required for construction of the rocket and jet fighter manufacturing facilities. Concerning the severity, one must remember that the main camp(s) at Mauthausen and Gusen were horrific - Mauthausen was a category-III Konzentrationslager, reserved for the "Knochenmühlen" (bone mills) attached to a stone quarry. Typically, the death rate was much higher than at a category-I Arbeitslager (work camp) such as KZ-Dachau.

    At Ebensee, in addition to the rocket manufacturing work, prisoners were also exploited within a ball bearing manufacturing workshop - for Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, as well as a distillation plant for fuel production. Although Kommandant SS-Obersturmführer Anton Ganz ordered the inmates assembled on the Appellplatz (roll call area) to move into the tunnels as the US forces approached, the inmates refused - fearing an SS massacre once they had been driven inside. Shortly afterward, the remaining SS staff fled - leaving only the former prisoner functionaries to watch the inmates. Over fifty former collaborators were then killed as the prisoners took revenge. Of the 27,000 inmates interned at the camp, over 8,200 died before liberation.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wíyópeya oki hi sni"

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