The mentality of zhydokomuna or the identification of Jews with communism, was all pervasive in the Ukrainian nationalist mindset as it was all across Eastern Europe (Żydokomuna in Poland) as well as in Nazi propaganda with its rabidly anti-Semitic and lurid depictions of the Jüdischer Bolschewismus (Jewsih-Bolshevik) red terror.
Even if the oft quoted figures that imply 30%+ of the NKVD hierarchy could be described as of Jewish origin this still means the larger majority were NOT, but this fact was conveniently overlooked by the Nationalist right of Eastern Europe with its anti-Semitic agenda.
"Jewish Paws Again? Not ever!"—Polish poster 1919 during Polish-Soviet War.
Apologies Carl, if this has taken the thread off on a tangent, please delete if not appropriate.