I believe these are commemorative pins sold to tourists. The bottom example is for the Border Guards. The top example may, I believe, be related to "Liquidators of the Chernobyl Accident". The middle example, I do not have a clue, I am guessing possibly related to factory guards. Anyone else?
ok, good to know. sounds real cause could'nt find them on the websites that has info about ussr medals
Commemorative pins indeed. The first and third one are as Bill said; the second one is for excellence in military construction.
Would like to add that all those three are kind of official awards as well - not only "pins"..
It means all badges are supported by awarding documents with the name of owners, issuing data, stamps e.t.c.
- first is for service personnel (or called into service reservists) working on liquidation of Tchernobyl nuclear plant disaster (it has also ribbon for ribbon bar)
- second is for service personnel of military construction units - for extraordinary good conduct (for both soldiers and officers)
- third is for service personnel of KGB borderguard units - just for good conduct (for soldiers only)