These are all commemorative badges issued/sold during the post war era right up until the fall of the Soviet Union. For wear by Veterans or any other patriot.
Thousands of these were designed and produced. It is a huge subject in it's own right.
Have a go at translating some of the text using an online translator. This will help you.
ive tried but i dont know how to type Russian haha
Hi James, you need this to help you:
PROMT - Free Online Translator and dictionary - English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese (Brazilian) and Russian languages.
There is a Cyrillic keyboard on there.