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Theresienstadt Currency

Article about: Thanks to your kind self I have one of these notes!

  1. #1
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    Default Theresienstadt Currency

    Two examples from my collection of banknotes that were specifically designed for use in the Theresienstadt ghetto.

    One of the most well known incidents at the Terezn ghetto, or transit camp, is the visit of the red cross organisation. Many people believed that these notes were produced by the Germans, as part of the facade to deceive the red cross visitors when they inspected the camp. However, following the testimonies of many survivors, the truth emerged that these banknotes, beautifully detailed and watermarked, were used as payment for day-to-day items and goods within the ghetto, for example a cup of coffee cost 2ThKr

    A payment structure was arranged so that working men and women would receive set amounts of ThKr (Theresienstadt Kroner). Part-time workers would obviously receive less than those who worked full-time.

    The sheer volume of the notes required resulted in the printing of 5 million notes, covering seven denominations (1ThKr, 2ThKr, 5ThKr, 10ThKr, 20ThKr, 50ThKr and 100ThKr) of which almost half were the 1ThKr note. The rarer notes being the 100ThKr as shown below (only five percent of those produced), and the 50ThKr note.

    The detail and workmanship is fantastic, and surprises some. However, when one considers some of the lengths that the occupiers went to, one should not be so surprised. For example, in preparation for the aforementioned Red Cross visit, a whole washing room was constructed, complete with beautiful sinks. The plumbing however, was never finished, but the red cross inspectors didn't try the taps...

    Regards,

    Carl
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    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:33 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

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  3. #2
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    Additional images...
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    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:34 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  4. #3
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Camp Money

    These images show the interior of a Jewish prayer room, located near the camp grounds, as well as additional photographs of the concentration camp area itself. The prison block housed many rooms, such as this one, where Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, was imprisoned.

    Regards,

    Carl
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    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  5. #4
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    More denominations...and another image of the 100Kronen note, special in that it was watermarked.
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    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:37 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  6. #5

    Default Re: Theresienstadt Camp Money

    Great variety of informative tidbits Carl. I had no idea there was so much history behind Theresienstadt. The money is very interesting. The SS could have made butt loads of money if they would not have let their hatred cloud the business side of their demented brains. None of these camps made any sense. They killed by the millions, the one thing they needed millions more of, slave labor. The camp itself is in remarkable condition. Looks like the poor prisoners just left yesterday.

    Jay
    Last edited by sitges1990; 03-31-2012 at 12:46 AM. Reason: SP

  7. #6

    Default Re: Theresienstadt Camp Money

    The Lodz or Litzmannstadt Ghetto also an an extensive and sophisticated series of currency and even several coins.
    William

    "Much that once was, is lost. For none now live who remember it."

  8. #7
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    Thank you Jay, and yes, the camp site is in very good condition. There are many interesting tales to be told about Theresienstadt, and when I have the time, I shall share more of the history and events of this place.

    William, you are quite correct, the Litzmannstadt ghetto did indeed have a comprehensive monetary system in place too. Always very interesting to know about these things I find. One can't help but ask question after question...we could be here all night...and probably will be!

    Regards,

    Carl
    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:39 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  9. #8
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    The notes were designed by Petr Klein, a poet and artist from Czechoslavakia, who was instructed by Reinhard Heydrich to alter the image of Moses holding the tablet bearing the ten commandments inscription. Klein was informed that the image of Moses was "too Aryan" in appearance, so he added the curly hair, larger ears and long hooked nose, so that the image more resembled the classic Nazi caricature of the Jew. Klein later died of disease, shortly after being transfered from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz in October 1944, along with his wife and parents, who also perished.

    Regards,

    Carl
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    Last edited by CARL; 12-01-2013 at 11:51 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  10. #9
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    The National Bank in Prague, where the banknotes were produced.
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    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:39 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

  11. #10
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    Default Re: Theresienstadt Currency

    Additional image one of the Theresienstadt notes...

    The higher denominations in the series, i.e. the 20, 50 and 100 Kronen notes, all display the watermark highlighted above. The Theresienstadt banknotes are among the most beautifully produced notes of the Third Reich period.

    Regards,

    Carl
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    Last edited by CARL; 01-13-2013 at 02:41 AM.
    Experienced guide and published author leading detailed study trips to the former KZ sites of Nazi Germany. Contact for further details.

    www.concentrationcamptours.com

    www.concentrationcampmoney.com


    "maka akaŋl oyate maŋi pi ki le, tuweŋi wypeya oki hi sni"

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