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Virtuti Militari Thread

Article about: Hi.It's a virtuti militari thread so I'm just curious.Is that original Polish armed forces in the West virtuti with engraved 1944 date on the back? Cheers.

  1. #61

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Here is one of VM that I am currently taking care of: this one was re-silvered by a professional jeweler. Number 5974, Polish Government issue, won by Sergeant Marian Malinowski (Legiony) during Polish russian war 1920.

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  2. #62
    ?

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Hello Everyone, I'm in the process of organizing some archival files I collected in Warsaw. I thought I would share a list of some VM recipients residing in the United States which was complied by the Polish consul in New York in the 1930s. The list is obviously incomplete and some numbers are missing (the consul actually complained in one of his reports to the Polish MSZ that he had to send back a number of VMs since the addresses of some recipients were unknown, hence no award document or cross number was recorded on his list.

    The list is recorded as follows:
    Rank, Name, Location, regiment (if known) and Cross/Award Document Number

    porucznik Jan Pospola; Rochester, NY
    Kol. J. Sobczyk; Welmington, Del.
    por. Jan Peli; Adams, Mass. 5655
    Por. Marjan Kowalski; Charging Falls, Ohio - 13 p.a.p
    por. Rez. Franciszek Klich; St. Louis, Ill. 5654
    Wojtczuk, Jan; Bajonne NJ 5695
    Telesfor Czaplicki, Cleveland Ohio; 13 P. Art. Polowej
    kapt. Harmon Rorison 2928
    por. Kenneth Shrewsburry 3054
    podpor. Lucjan Chwalkowski; Plainfield NJ 5653
    ppor. Antoni Bartman 5658
    por. Alfred Bartoniczek 5632
    ppor. Franciszek Bauer 5659
    ppor. Jan Bohm 5661
    ppor. Franciszek Graca 5663
    sierz. Jan Inglot 5682
    por. Edward Pawlowicz 55645
    strz.Franciszek Walkowiak 5699
    por. Piotr Andruszkiewicz 5642
    por. Jozef Antoniak 5633
    kapral Zygmunt Arent 5689
    szer. Jan Blaszczak; Michigan 5691
    sierz. Franciszek Cybyla 5680
    por. Mikolaj Chudziakiewicz 5630
    szer. Stanislaw Cichocki 5700
    kapral Franciszek Fusniak 5686
    sierz. Edmund Janicki 5683
    kapral Stanislaw Jarmusz 5687
    kapral Mieczyslaw Jurak 5685
    kpt. Jan Marja Krzyzowski-Wolinski 5621
    szer. Jan Kopycki 5692
    st. szer. Stanislaw Krzywiec 5690
    sierz. Jan Kwiatkowski 5676
    sierz. Teofil Langowski 5677
    por. Jerzy Ledoux 5651
    kpt. Lek. Jozef Michalski 5708
    por. Jozef Perzan 5643
    szer. Marceli Piotrowski 5693
    szer. Sergjusz Siwek 5684
    szer. Jan Piskorski 2p strez. Konnych 5694
    strzelec Ludwik Trojanowski 5698
    sierz. Jan Wesoloski 5672
    por. Zygmunt Wieckus - 43 PSK 5637
    Strzelec Michal Wlodarski 5697
    sierz. Jozef Kowalski 4348
    por. Zygmunt Feliks Nowak Cleveland OH - 43 PSK
    pchor. Henryk Boguslaw Przywarski 4 p. Strzel. Podhalanskich 1733
    Plut. Jan Sadowski, Chicago, Ill; 44p Strz. Kres. 3 komp. Kar masz. 286
    por. Stanislaw Solon, NJ 44p Strezl. Kres 2156 or 158
    podpor/ Fryderyk Wozniak Pittsburg, PA 64 P.P 7815
    Sierz. Pilot Piotr Tolusciak 8077

  3. #63

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Any similar list for VM recipients living in Canada?

  4. #64

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Hi all,

    I have been asked to post some pics of my pre-war 3rd Class cross of the Virtuti Militari.

    Cross wound is in copper, gold, enamel. Number engraved on the reverse side (no. 156).
    The copy comes with a lot of crosses made ​​in 1923 on request of the Minister's Office of Military Affairs.
    Artist: Products Factory Golden and Silver "W. J. Krupski Matulewicz "in Warsaw.
    Original ribbon produced in 1921 the company Huguenin Freres of Le Locle in Switzerland.
    Dimensions: 44,5 x43, 8 mm Weight with ribbon: 15.56 g









    regards,
    Michael

  5. #65

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Michael, superb cross! If memory serves, #156 was on the market about 6 years ago. I still have these images in my archive file. Congratulations on your ownership!

    I am the present custodian of #16, posted below. This is part of the first order of 20 commissioned by the ‘MSWojsk’ in 1920. As you know, only 14 were awarded, so this is one of the six unawarded at that time.

    Regards,
    Tony
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    All thoughts and opinions expressed are those of my own and should not be mistaken for medical and/or legal advice.

    "Tomorrow hopes we have learned something from yesterday." - John Wayne

  6. #66

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Tony,

    This is a fantastic example of pre-war masterpiece. Yes, I am the lucky winner from 6 years ago As you probably noticed,
    prices of Polish military gone up in price big time and it is really hard to obtain something in reasonable price. Since I've
    bought this cross, I'm still looking to get the red case for this order. If you know how may have one please let me know
    as I would be very grateful!

    best regards,
    Michael

  7. #67

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Thank you Michael. Yes, “masterpiece” is a suitable description! While they really are beautiful decorations, it’s what they represent that is truly awe inspiring.

    Pictured below is General Anders 3rd class VM as displayed in the Sikorski Museum in London. The great general was awarded the cross following the Battle of Monte Cassino in May 1944. As you can see, it is a Krupski i Matulewicz pre-war cross (suspended from replacement ribbon). I have long wondered what serial number it bears. By chance does anyone know?

    Regards,
    Tony

    PS If I ever spot a loose case out there I'll be sure to let you know. But don't hold your breath for one to pop up any time soon!
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    All thoughts and opinions expressed are those of my own and should not be mistaken for medical and/or legal advice.

    "Tomorrow hopes we have learned something from yesterday." - John Wayne

  8. #68

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Hi Tony,

    General Wladyslaw Anders, Knights Cross of the Virtuti Militari is Numbered 4.

    Knights Cross awarded to following people:

    Nr: 1 Pplk Gustaw Paszkiewicz

    Nr: 2 Plk Stefan Dab-Biernacki

    Nr: 3 Mjr Zygmunt Piasecki

    Nr: 4 Gen.Dyw.Wladyslaw Anders

    Nr: 5 Gen.Bryg.Stanislaw Maczek

    Nr: 6 Gen.Bryg.Bronislaw Duch

    Nr: 7 Gen.Dyw.Tadeusz Kutrzeba

    Nr: 8 Gen.Bryg.Franciszek Kleeberg

    Nr: 9 Gen.Bryg.Antoni Chrusciel

    Nr: 120 Gen,Dyw.Louis Bernheim (Belgian Army)

    Nr: 121 Gen.Dyw. Francois Lauwens (Belgian Army)

    Nr: 122 Gen.Broni. Petar Pesic (Yugoslavian Army)

    Nr: 123 General Aleksa Stojisic (Yugoslavian Army)

    Nr: 124 General Giuseppe Paolini (Italian Army)

    Nr: 125 General Maurizio Gonzaga (Italian Army)

    Nr: 126 General Giuseppe Vaccari (Italian Army)

    Nr: 127 Gen.Bryg.Hanzo Yamanashi (Japanese Army)

    Nr: 128 Rear Admiral Keisuke Okada (Japanese Navy)

    Nr: 129 General Adolfo Leoncini (Italian Army)

    I hope that the above information helps, information obtained from Recipients of the Virtuti Militari Books by Dr. Andrzej Suchcitz and Prof.Wesolowski

    Best wishes

    Andrzejku

  9. #69

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Hi,

    According to prof. Wesolowski's book gen. Anders received VM 3rd class cross no. 4 and then:
    no.5 gen. Maczek
    no.6 gen Duch
    no.7 gen. Kutrzeba
    no.8 gen Kleeberg
    no.9 gen. Chrusciel
    no.10 gen Brzoza-Brzezina
    no.11 plk. Epler
    no.12 plk. Hertel
    no.13 plk Kossecki
    no.14 gen. Skotnicki-Grzmot
    no.15 gen Srzynski
    no.16 plk. Mikolaj Lapicki
    no. 17 gen. Podhorski

    So, according to prof. Wesolowski, your cross no.16 has actually been awarded!

    regards,
    Michael

  10. #70

    Default re: Virtuti Militari Thread

    Andrezjku and Michael, thank you. I have the Wesolowski book on the shelf but for some reason did not think of checking it. So it appears that the Poles were issued crosses from the earlier first order of 20, and the foreign awards were taken from the subsequent government order of 180 crosses.

    Andrzejku – does the Dr. Andrzej Suchcitz list also record cross #16 as awarded to Col. Mikołaj Łapicki? I understand that there are some inconsistencies with both lists. Also, a brief web check on Łapicki brings up his Wikipedia entry which does not record him as a Knight’s VM cross recipient (4th and 5th classes only). It appears that some more research is in order.

    Many thanks again guys.

    Regards,
    Tony
    All thoughts and opinions expressed are those of my own and should not be mistaken for medical and/or legal advice.

    "Tomorrow hopes we have learned something from yesterday." - John Wayne

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