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Polish Army in Exile post-war victims of Polandís communist regime.

Article about: Some of the 2nd Polish Corps soldiers, who had left Russian concentration camps and forced labor camps with General Anders in 1942 returned there after the war. Upon return to Poland some of

  1. #1
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    Default Polish Army in Exile post-war victims of Polandís communist regime.

    Some of the 2nd Polish Corps soldiers, who had left Russian concentration camps and forced labor camps with General Anders in 1942 returned there after the war.
    Upon return to Poland some of the brave men of the 2nd Polish Corps again fell victim to communist political repression in the late 40ís. The Soviet-backed communist regime charged them with false accusations and fabricated stories, and deported them to Russian forced labor camps in Siberia. In many cases communist oppressors deported them along with members of their families. Some of them were released from gulags in the late 50ís and returned to Poland. Some of them have been missing to date.

    The list below is not complete. It includes only 90 names.

    Letís keep the memory of communist oppression alive


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    Best,
    Kosa

  2. #2

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    Like much of the history and conflicts in Eastern Europe the situation between the protagonists in the Ukraine is not as simple as it appears in the news media.
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

  3. #3

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    The Polish Second Corps began arriving in Great Britain at the end of May 1946, and by 1947 almost 207,000 Polish servicemen were stationed in 40 Polish Resettlement Corps camps around the country. In the end just over 37,000 former servicemen volunteered for repatriation, the majority of them whom had come from west of the Curzon Line and had been forcibly conscripted into the German army and taken prisoner in western Europe and subsequently enlisted with 2PolCorps. In stark contrast, of the 85,000 former prisoners in the Soviet Union, just 310 decided to return to Soviet-Polish communist-controlled Poland.

    As mentioned in the OP the returning former 2PolCorps servicemen were treated with great suspicion by the Soviet-backed Polish communist authorities and many were arrested as being "fascist agents or western spies", they were invariably tortured and sentenced to lengthy terms of imprisonment or deportation to Soviet camps in arctic Siberia.

    Although many of the charges of spying or intelligence gathering were false it was a fact that Gen. Anders' 2PolCorps based in post-war Italy were involved with intelligence gathering operations in Poland during the civil-war period when the Soviet-back Polish communist regime was attempting to take full control of Poland and crush all anti-communist opposition in the country. Gen. Anders declined to dismantle 2PolCoprs wartime radio communication network based in Italy transmitting and receiving intelligence to and from Poland despite repeated requests and dictats from the British in London, in fact a Polish transmitter/receiver was moved to the Vatican city to put it out of reach of British cat-and-mouse attempts to shut down all communications with Poland.

    2PolCorps was heavily involved with anti-communist intelligence gathering in cooperation with and using the intelligence network established in Poland by the NSZ who ran their intel operations out of their Regensburg base in allied occupied Germany. It was the NSZ intelligence branch in Regensburg that assisted Witold Pilecki then a captain in 2PolCorps get safely back into Poland so that he could carry out his personal mission for Gen. Anders to gather intelligence and send back first-hand reports of the anti-communist resistance to Anders in Italy. As we know Pilecki was tragically informed upon and was arrested, tortured, tried and executed as a "western spy".

    Anders was also trying to garner support from Franco's fascist Spain to allow his 2PolCorps to set up bases in Spain in a conservative-Catholic alliance with Spain against the perceived threat of another world war with the USSR. 2PolCorps also transferred a substantial amount of their funds to Spain for safe-keeping as the British had been trying to sequester several millions of dollars back from 2PolCorps in Italy. Although Franco was not so keen for Polish forces to be stationed in Spain he did allow 2PolCorps radio broadcasts to be transmitted out of Spain, carrying its anti-communist propaganda broadcasts.

    Putting aside the brutal torture and deportations meted out to the innocent victims who had without question heroically and steadfastly done their duty for their country during WWII, it is small wonder that the Polish-communist regime looked on some of the returning 2PolCorps servicemen with extreme suspicion given that the Corps was involved in anti-communist intelligence gathering even though most of those arrested were probably not involved personally.
    I collect, therefore I am.

    Nothing in science can explain how consciousness arose from matter.

  4. #4
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    Quote by StefanM View Post
    (...) It was the NSZ intelligence branch in Regensburg that assisted Witold Pilecki then a captain in 2PolCorps get safely back into Poland so that he could carry out his personal mission for Gen. Anders to gather intelligence and send back first-hand reports of the anti-communist resistance to Anders in Italy. As we know Pilecki was tragically informed upon and was arrested, tortured, tried and executed as a "western spy".(...)
    Below a photo from the staged trial of Capt. Witold Pilecki, who was sentenced to death and executed at Mokotůw prison, Warsaw in 1948. Cpt. Witold Pilecki was killed with a shot to the back of the head, which was the standard Communist execution method, and consistent with the executions at Katyń Forest, Russia.

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    More on Cpt. Witold Pilecki here.

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