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Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

  1. #21

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    Incredible stories !!

    My father was treated to Soviet "hospitality" courtesy of cuddly Uncle Joe. Of course they were very kind to let him out to fight the Nazi horde when everything wasn't going so well. Fortunately for him he found the desert sun a bit more inviting and was soon drinking Italian wine and then French bread followed by English fish and chips !!

    But victory was really bittersweet for him...and many, many others !!

    Vic


  2. #22

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    Next month marks the 70th anniversary of the Polish deportations to USSR.

    There are obvioulsy very few photographs of these tragic experiences in USSR but I have some after the 'amnesty' taken at the Polish Army encampment at Kermine, Uzbekistan whilst waiting to be evacuated to Persia (Iran).

    1) Dawn over new Polish Army camp at Kermine, Uzbekistan, 1942.
    2) Poles celebrate Mass in the open air at Kermine, Uzbekistan, 1942.
    3) Polish transport to Pahlevi, Persia.
    4) Child from gulag camp arriving at Polish aid station.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -dawn_at_kermine.jpg   -open_air_mass_kermine.jpg  

    -transport_to_pahlevi.jpg  
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  3. #23

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    An interesting forced labour camp technology advertisement from my collection:


    CAMP SURVEILLANCE

    The employment of foreign workers and their accommodation in closed camps – in particular with prisoners of war and Russian civilian workers – also present the lighting technicians with new tasks. The maintenance of the camp regime and securing the closing-off of the camp inhabitants from the environment demand among other things a reliable illumination of the camp alleyways and the connecting ways from the camp to the factory.

    For this the novel NOTEK-P-SCHEINWERFER [NOTEK-P-FLOODLIGHT] can provide excellent assistance. It has been created for the air-raid protected illumination of workplaces in the open air. Its light beam can be limited in any required shape i.e. also in the shape of a square bar as is necessary for e.g. illuminating camp alleyways if the barracks themselves are not to receive any light. At the same time the intensity of the light is, both near the place of installation of the floodlight and also at the most extreme point of its range, almost the same – and always anti-aircraft-protected!

    The P-floodlight is supplied from the lighting main via a transformer. The light source is a 50W/6v, 100W/12v pr 100W/24v special light bulb. It can be erected on a stand (that can be supplied with a cross beam for the transformer with it). However the P-floodlight will always make the work of your guard details considerably easier and more reliable.
    Please ask for detailed brochures and quotations.
    Bumann & Co., KG., Dortmund
    Weiherstraße 7/Ruf 34356

    District Agency
    Gebr. Severin
    Altena i. Westf.
    Lüdenscheiderstr.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -camp_lights.jpg  

  4. #24

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    A couple of froced worker ID cards:
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -arbeitskarte_front.jpg   -arbeitskarte_back.jpg  

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  5. #25

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    This is a superb thread.

    The translation of the document is indeed a chilling reminder of the evils of Nazism.

    I had heard of Notek lamps before due to the use on military vehicles, but I had not heard of them in this context before.

    Thanks.

    Cheers, Ade.

  6. #26

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    The last intact Forced Labor camp (Zwangsarbeiterlager) in Berlin Site in German language only.

    The last intact and almost perfectly preserved forced labour camp in Berlin was discovered in1993 in Treptow-Schöneweide, district of the city. The camp, built in 1943 to house 2,000 foreign forced workers is on a 3.3-acre site and consisted of thirteen symmetrical brick barracks that were used by various small workshops and facilities. In one section of the camp six barracks known as the "Italian camp" there were some 500 Italians and other forced labourers. In the other half of the camp two barracks no.75/76 temporarily served as a concentration camp for women prisoners who had to work at the battery factory Pertrix (company became Varta Gmbh), many of these women prisoners were Polish and came from KZ Ravensbrück.
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  7. #27

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    These are very interesting items

  8. #28

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    Some example Poilsh forced worker letter <P> patches

    In many ways the reverse of the patches are the more interesting as they are often sewn over pieces of thin card from food or cigarette packets etc. The stiffened patches were then attached to the workers clothing with a safety pin or wire, this meant the wearer could use the same patch on several pieces of clothing as they had to pay the Germans for each patch (minimum of four were required). Even these are easily and often faked.

    There is also an example of unusual embriodered <P> which is the only one of its type I have ever come across the others are the usual two-colour ink, screen-printed onto white cotten cloth.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -letterp_front008.jpg   -letterp_reverse009.jpg  


  9. #29

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    Polish forced workers arriving at a labour camp (Zwangsarbeiterlager)

    and a scary looking female German guard whom one would not want to cross!!
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -letterp_camp010.jpg  

  10. #30

    Default re: Polish Forced Labour (Zwangsarbeiter/Fremdarbeiter) collection

    Polish forced workers from Lublin district take a 'tea' break on their way by cattle truck to Germany. Second image is from a sub-camp of KZ Sachsenhausen.
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture -p_camp012.jpg  

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