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Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

Article about: Recently I was able to obtain 3 Polizei related ID passes with dark histories. One I have already posted here with a link to Treblinka... http://warrelics.eu/forum/photos-pap...eblinka-33621

  1. #1

    Default Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    Recently I was able to obtain 3 Polizei related ID passes with dark histories. One I have already posted here with a link to Treblinka... http://warrelics.eu/forum/photos-pap...eblinka-33621/ ...Another one was this Dienstpass to a member of a Polizei Bataillon that was involved in some of the earliest attrocities after the German invasion of Russia, with this Polizei member serving with the unit during these days, as evidenced by the campaign listings and the signature seen throughout the book.

    Polizei Btl 322 were attached to Polizei Regiment Mitte (along with Pol.Btl 307 & 316) in June 1941, and as such was designated as Pol.Rgt Mitte's III Btl so that 1,2,3 Kompanie Pol.Btl 322 were also reported as 7, 8 & 9 Kompanie III/Pol.Rgt Mitte. Polizei Btl 322 are mentioned plenty of times in the book Hitler's Police Battalions: Enforcing Racial War In The East by Edward B.westermann and while Res.Pol.Btl 101 may be more widely known due to the book Ordinary Men, Pol.Btl 322 were every bit as notorious for leaving a trail of death in their wake. They would grab Jewish passers-by and force them to clean their barracks and the unit's war diary mentions that after a day of killing they would have a 'cosy night round the camp fire' singing and drinking.

    Franz Hain was born in Innsbruck on 6th September 1917 and joined the Polizei in 1938. He joined Pol.Btl 322 in April 1941, 3 months before it moved east.
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    Although his unit listing doesn't mention what Komapnie he was in, due to the signature of Gustav Riebel appearing throughout the book it is possible to know that he was with 3 Kompanie (9 Kompanie of Pol.Rgt Mitte) as Riebel was 3 Kompanie Chef.
    Gustv Riebel would face trial postwar for war crimes, along with Pol.Btl 322's commanding officer Nagel but both escaped conviction despite the war diary of Pol.Rgt Mitte & Pol.Btl 322 recording all the attrocities during their time in command.
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  3. #2

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    In July 1941 Polizei Btl 322 arrived at Bialystok, just a few days after Pol.Btl 309 had executed hundreds of Jews in the city on what became known as 'Black Friday' (June 27th 1941).

    Taken from The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia Of The Ghettos During The Holocaust Vol 1

    Bialystok July 1941

    On July 8th 1941, SS chief Heinrich Himmler, visiting Bialystok in the company of Kurt Daluege, ordered the execution of 2,000 Jews as a punishment for the Jews’ alleged participation in looting. On July 12th, members of Police Battalions 316 & 322 concentrated approximately 4,000 Jewish men in the municipal stadium. The following day, the men were murdered in groups in the Pietrasze Forest. By the end of the month the Bialystok Ghetto was established containing 43,000 Jews.

    Throughout July, August & September Pol.Btl 322 carried out numerous Cleansing operations as well as protecting Rollbahn 1 in conjunction with 252 Infantry Division.

    Taken from Pol.Rgt Mitte's Kriegstagebuch...

    1st August 1941 – Pol.Btl 322 shot 72 Jews in a creek outside Bialowieza.

    31st August 1941 - 7. and 9 Company (1 & 3 Kompanie Pol.Btl 322) conduct Jewish Aktions in Minsk. Here, about 700 Jews, including 54 women were arrested and taken to the prison of Minsk.

    1st September 1941 – 9 Kompanie (3 Komp./Pol.Btl 322), along with the SD & NSKK shoot 914 Jews outside Minsk, including 64 Jewish women. Among these are the 700 Jews who were rounded up on 31st August. The 64 Jewish women were shot as they were found to be without the Yellow Star during the round-up.
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    Then in October 1941 Pol.Btl 322 was attached to Einsatzkommando 8 (Einsatzgruppe B) and 3 Kompanie was detailed to carry out an Aktion centered on the Mogilev Ghetto. Along with 3./Pol.Btl 322, Ukrainian Aux. Police were also used and despite 3./Pol.Btl 322's own cruel actions Riebel remarked at his trial about the especially brutal actions of these Ukrainians during the Aktion.

    Taken from The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia Of The Ghettos During The Holocaust Vol 1

    Mogilev October 1941

    On October 2nd/3rd 1941, members of Einsatzkommando 8 (Einsatzgruppe B) and Police Battalion 322, aided by local police, murdered 2,270 Jews from the Mogilev Ghetto outside the nearby village of Kazimirovka.

    And the action as reported in Pol.Rgt Mitte's war diary...

    2nd October 1941 – From 1530 9 Kompanie [3 Kompanie Pol.Btl 322] is in the Mogilev Ghetto together with senior staff of HSSPF Russland-Mitte & Ukrainian Aux.Police. 2,208 Jews rounded up. 65 shot ‘while trying to escape’.

    3rd October 1941 – 7 & 9 Kompanie, along with senior staff of HSSPF Russland-Mitte, execute 2,008 Jews in the forest outside Mogilev.

    As can be seen from the attached scan, Franz Hain was indeed at Mogilev during this period of time.
    Gustav Riebel composed an after action report on the massacre his men had carried out at Mogilev.
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  4. #3

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    As can be seen from these entries containing Riebel's signature, Franz Hain did indeed belong to 3./Pol.Btl 322.
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    Throughout the rest of 1941 and beginning of 1942 Pol.Btl 322 continued its murderous actions in Russia including shooting 4 Jewish women in Smolensk in March 1942 for leaving the Ghetto.
    In mid-1942 Pol.Btl 322 was transferred to Serbia where it became II/Pol.Rgt 5 (as can be seen from Franz Hain's unit listings). Franz Hain would of taken part in numerous anti-partisan operations such as Operation Enzian in Slovenia in June 1942 and in the Mitrovica region in January 1943 along with the Bulgarian 24th Division and Serbian Volunteer Corps.

    The last entry in the Dienstpass is dated for 17th January 1943 (the last date he was with Pol.Rgt 5 on the units page and also shown on the Campaign listings). Beyond this date it is not known what became of Franz Hain. He does not appear in the Volksbund database.
    Franz Hain was awarded the KvK II Kl mit Schwertern on 10th May 1942.
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    Sources Used:
    Hitler's Police Battalions: Enforcing Racial War In The East by Edward B Westermann
    The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia Of The Ghettos During The Holocaust Vol 1
    Combat Operations Of The German Ordnungspolizei 1939-45 by Rolf Michaelis


    Other Holocaust Related Polizei Passes listed by myself...
    SS-Pol.Rgt 26 / Treblinka - http://warrelics.eu/forum/photos-pap...eblinka-33621/
    Pol.Btl 303 / Babi Yar - http://warrelics.eu/forum/photos-pap...related-23911/

  5. #4

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    very nice hucks always wanted one of those pass!

  6. #5

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    Once again, very well reseaarched and presented. Thanks for sharing it. Police units were heavily involved in the East and a bit of research can uncover some disturbing facts.

    Cheers, Ade.

  7. #6
    ?

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    Very interesting indeed, do you have some foreign Police battalions history/ docs?
    Regards,
    Dimas

    my Skype: warrelics

  8. #7

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    Quote by Dimas View Post
    Very interesting indeed, do you have some foreign Police battalions history/ docs?
    No, just German ones I'm afraid.

    Thanks for the comments guys.

  9. #8

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass With A Dark History

    Great research and fascinating documents although they tell a dark story

    Nick
    "In all my years as a soldier, I have never seen men fight so hard." - SS Obergruppenfuhrer Wilhelm Bittrich - Arnhem

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