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Polizei Dienstpass - Einsatzgruppen Related

Article about: Another recent arrival and one of historical significance in that it belonged to a participant in one of the most notorious Aktions of the Holocaust - Babi Yar. Such personal paperwork that

  1. #1

    Default Polizei Dienstpass - Einsatzgruppen Related

    Another recent arrival and one of historical significance in that it belonged to a participant in one of the most notorious Aktions of the Holocaust - Babi Yar. Such personal paperwork that can provide a direct link from the owner to such an event are very rare due to most of them being destroyed by the owner at the end of the war to prevent himself being implicated in war crimes.

    Erich Karrasch (married with 3 children) was an NCO in Polizei Btl 303 which he had joined on 9th September 1940 at a time when it was stationed in the Generalgouvernement. Two days after the start of Operation Barbarossa Polizei Btl 303 was sent to Russia as part of Polizei Regiment Sud (the other two battalion's in this regiment were Pol.Btls. 45 & 314). Polizei Regiment Sud was assigned to Einsatzgruppen C and participated in the numerous Aktions against the Jewish populations of the newly conquered lands.
    Reports show:
    25 August: Pol.Rgt Sud shot 1,324 Jews
    27 August: Pol.Rgt Sud shot 1,463 Jews
    ...and so on through the remainder of August & September including shooting 3,145 Jews at Zhitomir on 19th September. However it was on the dates of 29 & 30th September that Pol.Rgt Sud firmly placed its name in the history of the Holocaust with the massacre of over 33,000 Jews at Babi Yar, an Aktion that Erich Karrasch took part in.

    As well as the Dienstpass there are a few slips of paper that list the Aktions Erich Karrasch participated in as a member of Pol.Btl 303/Pol.Rgt Sud with the relevant unit stamp and signature.

    Babi Yar: The decision to exterminate the Jews of Kiev was made on September 26, in retaliation for guerrilla attacks against German troops, by the military governor, Generalmajor Friedrich-Georg Eberhardt and SS-Obergruppenfόhrer Friedrich Jeckeln, the SS and Police Leader at Rear Headquarters Army Group South. Einsatzgruppen C carried out the Babi Yar massacre and a number of other mass atrocities in Ukraine during the summer and fall of 1941. Its commander SS-Brigadefuhrer Dr. Otto Rasch and the officer commanding Sonderkommando 4a, SS-Standartenfuhrer Paul Blobel were at the September 26 meeting as well.

    The following is taken from Masters Of Death: The SS Einsatzgruppen by Richard Rhodes (ISBN: 1-903985-56-0) (Pages 174-178):

    Jeckeln had planned the Babi Yar Aktion along the same basic lines as the Kamenets-Podolsky massacre. When the first Jews approached the Jewish cemetery on the morning of 29th September 1941, Sonderkommando 4a, two commandos of Polizei Rgt Sud [Polizei Btl’s 45 & 303] and Ukrainian militia were waiting for them.

    Testimony from a truck driver (name of Hoefer):
    “Once undressed, the Jews were led into Babi Yar. Two or three narrow entrances led to this ravine through which the Jews were channelled. When they reached the bottom of the ravine they were seized by members of the Schutzpolizei [the Polizei Btl’s] and made to lie down on top of Jews who had already been shot. This all happened very quickly. The corpses were literally in layers. A police marksman came along and shot each Jew in the neck with a submachine gun at the spot where he was lying….There was a ‘packer’ at either entrance to the ravine. These ‘packers’ were Schutzpolizisten whose job it was to lay the victim on top of the other corpses so that al the marksman had to do as he passed was fire a shot.”

    An Einsatzgruppen report on 2nd October 1941 summarized the Babi Yar Aktion brazenly, not even bothering to justify it as retaliation [for the recent explosions in Kiev after German forces had occupied the city]:
    Sonderkommando 4a in collaboration with the group staff and two commandos of Police Regiment South on 29th & 30th September 1941 executed 33,771 Jews in Kiev.

    The first two signatures on the units page and on various other pages belongs to the Kompaniefuhrer during the time of Babi Yar, Oswald Altendorf
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    Last edited by hucks216; 08-26-2010 at 11:32 PM.

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  3. #2

    Default Re: Polizei Dientspass - Einsatzgruppen Related

    After Babi Yar, the unit continued to murder Jews in numerous towns and villages including Vinnitsa & Poltava. Between 10-14th October 1941 Pol.Rgt Sud shot 10,000 Jews in Dnepropetrovsk. By the end of January 1942 they were executing Jews in the region around Kharkov.
    In August 1942 Karrasch finally left Polizei Btl 303 and in November was posted to the Wasserschutzpolizei training school at Stettin. After completing his training he was assigned to a variety of Wassershutzpolizei units, first in Russia and then at various locations around the Adriatic, including Trieste conducting anti-partisan operations. What happened to him after May 1944 is not known.

    Two of the separate slips of paper show that Karrasch participated in 'Cleaning' operations in Kiev between 23/09/1941 & 15/10/1941 thereby proving that he was with Polizei Btl 303 during the Aktion at Babi Yar although it is impossible to know whether he was one of the 'Packers', shooters or whether he took part in some other related task. Karrasch's performance with Pol.Btl 303 was assessed as 'Very Good', and at the time of Babi Yar his children were aged 9, 7 & 2. He was awarded the Eastern Front Medal.

    Feldpost Numbers:
    38101B - 1./Pol.Btl 303
    36524 - Stab/Pol.Rgt Sud
    41265 - Wasserschutzpolizei Asowsches Meer

    Further information on Babi Yar with photos...
    Kiev and Babi Yar
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  4. #3

    Default Re: Polizei Dientspass - Einsatzgruppen Related

    POLIZEI BATAILLON 303

    Place of origin: Bremen-Oberneuland
    Formed in: Bremen, from the Polizei-Ausbildungs-Bataillon "Bremen"
    Activation date: November 1940
    Battalion Commander: Maj. Heinrich Hannibal
    Disbanding/reorganization date: reorganized in July 1942 – it become II/Pol.-Rgt. 10

    Involvement in Crimes:

    1) Verified participations
    Stara Kostantinova area (*)
    Mop-ups, executions – 26-30 July 1941 – 814 victims – Jews, soviet soldiers
    Chudniv
    Slaughter – beginning of September 1941 – about 100 victims – Jews
    Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 18/19 September 1941 – about 3.145 victims – Jews
    Babi Yar
    Slaughter – 29/30 September 1941 – 33.771 victims – Jews

    Miropol and Zolotonosha
    Slaughters – October/November 1941 – about 1.000 victims – Jews
    Unspecified places
    28 executions at least – Summer/Autumn 1941 – 2.583 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place
    Slaughter – Autumn 1941 – about 1.000χ1.500 victims – Jews

    2) Alleged participation
    Baranovka, Dubrovka and Izyaslav
    Slaughters – 25 August 1941 – 1.342 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 27 August 1941 – 549Έ 914 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 28 August 1941 – 369 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 1 September 1941 – 88 victims – Jews
    Schepetowka
    Slaughter – 2 September 1941 – 45 victims – Jews
    Khazhin
    Slaughter – 4 September 1941 – 4.144 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 6 September 1941 – 144 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 11 September 1941 – 1.548 victims – Jews
    Unspecified place, between Rovno and Zhitomir
    Slaughter – 12 September 1941 – 1.255 victims – Jews

    (*) Not directly involved

    Information from: Battalions

  5. #4

    Default Re: Polizei Dienstpass - Einsatzgruppen Related

    A lot of somber history contained within that dienstpass hucks.
    He must of been mixing with some very unpleasant characters and its odds on for sure that he wasnt the most honourable person himself.

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