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Latvian tunic

Article about: prosty zolnierz, heres some info on the inbetween wars (1922-1940) Latvian army. Basic information: - Population: 1.97 million (1937) - Population density: 30 persons per square km - Land bo

  1. #11

    Default Re: Latvian tunic

    prosty zolnierz, heres some info on the inbetween wars (1922-1940) Latvian army. Basic information:
    - Population: 1.97 million (1937)
    - Population density: 30 persons per square km
    - Land borders: 1.196 km
    - Sea borders: 494 km

    Military service:
    - Army type: State Army, universal consription
    - Service time: 29 years (years 21 - 50)
    - Active service: 1 year for infantry, 1.5 years for other braches of Armed Forces.
    - Active Service: age 21
    - Reserve: age 22 - 39
    - Home Reserve: age 40 - 50 (presumably comparable to German Landsturm)
    - Members of Armed Forces 1.24 % of population (peacetime)

    Peacetime troops:
    - Armed Forces: 24.300 men
    - Frontier Guard: 1.200 men
    - Total: 25.500 men
    Wartime troops: 150.000 men

    Structure of peacetime Army:
    - 4 Divisions
    - Technical Division

    Structure of infantry division:
    - division HQ
    - 3 infantry regiments
    - artillery regiment

    Structure of technical division:
    - division HQ
    - engineer regiment
    - tank regiment
    - signals regiment
    - aircraft regiment

    Troops of General HQ:
    - General HQ
    - heavy artillery regiment
    - coastal artillery battalion
    - armoured train regiment (2 armoured trains)

    Locations of peacetime divisions (note: with original German placenames):
    - 1. Division: Libau
    - 2. Division: Riga
    - 3. Division: Rezekne (Rositten)
    - 4. Division: Donaburg
    - Technical Division: Riga

    Amounts of peacetime troops:

    Infantry:
    - 12 regiments = 28 battalions = 112 companies
    Cavalry:
    - 1 regiment = 7 squadrons
    Tanks:
    - 1 regiment
    Artillery:
    - 4 field artillery regiments = 8 artillery battalions = 24 artillery batteries
    - 1 heavy artillery regiment = 2 artillery battalions = 5 artillery batteries
    Technical troops:
    - 1 engineer regiment
    - 1 signals regiment
    Special formations:
    - 1 armoured train regiment (2 armoured trains)

    Structure of infantry regiment:
    - regimental HQ
    - 2 or 3 battalions, each containing
    --- battalion HQ
    --- 3 rifle companies
    --- 1 machinegun company
    - mortar company
    - signals company

    Artillery-- British 13-pounder field guns - Both 105-mm cannons and 152-mm howitzers have been marked as British instead of French, in addition, German 15 cm s.F.H 13 heavy weaponry was also used by Latvian Army.

    I include photographs of the uniform of a 1930's Latvian soldat....(these were taken at the Brussels Army Museum by Chris Dale), it would appear that originally your uniform would of had shoulder straps and collar badges, to indicate rank. It looks like either none were ever attached or they have been expertly removed from your tunic, (or could it be straight from stores ?) this could be explained, thus, that the owner went on to join the Latvian Legion witih the Waffen SS, it is known that until standardisation of uniforms, that the "Legion" wore a mixture of uniforms until regular Waffen SS attire became available ! I shall further research and post when obtained, hope this helps...
    Prost ! Steve.
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    Last edited by oradour; 11-13-2010 at 02:35 PM.
    "The German Army is the perfectly adapted, perfectly running Machine. The difference is that the Germans are organised with a view to War...with the cold, hard, practical and business-like purpose of winning victories."
    G.W. Steevens - The Daily Mail (1897)

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  3. #12

    Default Re: Latvian tunic

    many thanks for the comprehensive reply. suffice to say the original owner was reticent in divulging info. about his wartime service. something about "you did what you had to". obviously a very open ended statement, interpret as you will.

  4. #13

    Default Re: Latvian tunic

    prosty zolnierz, some more information, re/Latvian Army ranks, this table shows the equivalent Waffen SS ranks, so it will be relevent to the period 1941-1945, however I would imagine the the Latvian ranks given are the same as pre-war ones....
    I assume the owner was in the 15th Latvian Legion and if so, the comparison with the German SS command structure is relevant.
    DIENESTA PAKĀPJU
    Waffen SS Latvian Army
    Mann (Leg. Schütze) kareivis (kar.)
    Sturmann (stm.) di˛kareivis (dkar.)
    Rottenführer (rtf.) vicekaprālis-vkapr.
    Unterscharführer (uschaf.) kaprālis (kapr.
    Scharführer (schf.) goda ser˛ants-ser˛.
    Oberscharführer (oschaf.) ser˛ants (ser˛.)
    virsser˛ants (vser˛.)
    Hauptscharführer (hschf.) virsn.vietn. (v.v.)

    Sturmscharführer (stschf.) (v.v. ar 12 g. izdienu)
    Untersturmführer (ustuf.) leitnants (ltn.)
    Obersturmführer (ostuf.) virsleitnants (vltn.)
    kapteinis-leitnants (kltn.)
    Hauptsturmführer (hstuf.) kapteinis (kapt.)
    Sturmbannführer (stubaf.) (majors-maj.)
    Obersturmbannfiihrer ostubaf.) pulkvedis-leitnants (pltn.)
    Standartenfiihrer (staf. ) pulkvedis (pulkv.)
    Oberführer (oberf.) (virspulkvedis-vpulkv.)
    Brigadeführer (brigf.) (ģenerālmajors-ģmaj.)
    Gruppenführer (gruf.) (ģenerālleitnants-ģltn.)
    Obergruppenführer (ogruf.) ģenerālis (ģen.)
    Oberstgruppenführer (oberstgruf.) (ģenerālpulkvedis-ģpulkv.)

    We need to find this book, has any member out there got one ?..........
    LATVIA. Independent Republic 1919 - 1940. National Army Printed Matter. Staff of the Army. Books. Reference.

    1936 Kareivija Rokas Gramata (K.R.G.) / Military Reference Book with 2 Color Plates Inside.
    Edition of Fund of Military Literature, Riga 1936. The book is many illustrated reference by all aspects of Latvian army - uniforms, ranks, flags, patches, insignia, awards, weapons and etc. and etc.
    The book has drawings of insignia, uniforms, shoulder straps, belts, hats and etc. The book includes pictures, schemes and tabs. It is bible book by Latvian Army!

    Here are photos of the book, it would solve the mystery !
    Prost ! Steve.
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    Last edited by oradour; 11-15-2010 at 12:49 AM.
    "The German Army is the perfectly adapted, perfectly running Machine. The difference is that the Germans are organised with a view to War...with the cold, hard, practical and business-like purpose of winning victories."
    G.W. Steevens - The Daily Mail (1897)

  5. #14

    Default Re: Latvian tunic

    this bloke knows his stuff !

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