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Monte Cassino cross

Article about: I dont htink about this like a collection maybe it is naive but it is a part of my family and describe the brave men which hard to find these days.Some award documents.tedAttachment 356198At

  1. #4071

    Default

    Hello Everyone,

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Feliks Konarski, aka "Ref-Ren", born January 9, 1907 in Kiev, MCC Nr: ? - the author of the lyrics to the song "Czerwone maki na Monte Cassino" ("Red poppies on Monte Cassino"), was also a first-league footballer of Polonia Warsaw (1924–1929) were he palyed three matches. Perhaps Feliks Konarski was not famous as a footballer for his effective goals but he was known as a poet, singer, composer, pianist, actor and director. In 1941 he joined the Anders' Army with which on April 1, 1942 he went through Persia, Iraq, Palestine and Egypt to Italy. During this journey he created the "Polska Parada" Theater. In the 2nd Corps he belonged to the Polish Soldier Theater stationed in Campobasso near Monte Cassino. On the night of May 17-18, 1944 he wrote the words of a song that became a symbol of Polish bravery and sacrifice during the Battle of Monte Cassino.

    Monte Cassino cross

    Feliks Konarski in 2nd Corps uniform with the dog Niente

    After the war he never returned to Poland. Konarski with his wife settled in London and then in 1965 they moved permanently to Chicago. He died on September 12, 1991 in Chicago - he was buried in the military headquarters of Maryhill Catholic Cemetery in Niles next to his colleagues who also fought for Monte Cassino.

    Monte Cassino cross

    A group of actors from Czołówka Rewiowa during the performance, Elżbieta Niewiadomska (in the center) and Feliks Konarski (Ref-Ren) (on the right).

    Monte Cassino cross

    One of the performances of "Ref-Ren" and his wife during the war

    This is how Feliks Konarski sang:

    Feliks Konarski - Ref Ren - Piosenka o utęsknionej Polsce - YouTube

    Monte Cassino cross

    Alfred Longin Schütz, born July 2, 1910 in Tarnopol, MCC Nr: ? - Polish composer and pianist of Jewish origin, creator of melodies for "Czerwone maki na Monte Cassino". In December 1941 he joined the Anders' Army which were organizing in Buzułuk. He was assigned to the propaganda department at the Anders' Army Staff. Together with Henryk Wars he led the 40-person orchestra accompanying the Polish Army on the battle route from Teheran to Monte Cassino. The song "Czerwone maki na Monte Cassino" was written on the night of May 17-18, 1944 a few hours before the conquest of the monastery. In the nearby Campobasso where the artists performed for the 23rd Transport Company Feliks Konarski, inspired by the fights waged nearby, wrote the text and woke Alfred Schütz up. The composer immediately composed a melody for it.

    Monte Cassino cross

    Alfred Schutz post war photograph

    After the war he moved to Brazil where he worked in the revues of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and composed. In 1961 he settled down in Munich he collaborated with the Polish Broadcasting Station of Radio Free Europe for the next 25 years. He died on October 21, 1999 in Munich and was buried there in the Eastern Cemetery at St. Martin in headquarters 166.

    Monte Cassino cross

    Alfred Schütz grave in Munich

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross Monte Cassino cross

    Copy of the first edition of the notes of the song "Czerwone maki na Monte Cassino", 1944, (original at the General Władysław Sikorski Museum in London)

    Monte Cassino cross

    Feliks Konarski pseudonym "Ref-Ren" performing to the 2nd Corps together with Alfred Schutz on the piano. These two gentlemen, soldiers of the 2nd Polish Corps, wrote "Czerwone Maki na Monte Cassino".

    Regards
    Konrad
    Last edited by conrado; 11-10-2020 at 06:45 PM.

  2. #4072

    Default

    Hello Konrad,

    Many thanks for your post, they were both awarded the Monte Cassino Cross at the time their details were as follows :

    Rank : St.Strz.

    Surname : Schütz

    Christian Name : Alfred Longin

    Date of Birth : 2nd July 1910

    Army Number : 1910-176-III

    Unit : Sekcja Widowiskowo Rozrywkowa (Concert and Entertainment Section)

    Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 48321


    Rank : Kapral

    Surname : Konarski

    Christian Name : Feliks

    Date of Birth : 9th January 1907

    Army Number : 1907-174-III

    Unit : Sekcja Widowiskowo Rozrywkowa

    Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 48310

    Hope this helps.

    Best wishes

    Andrzej

  3. #4073

    Default

    Hi Andrzej, you gave me some fantastic information about my grandfather Leon pilipczuk and was wondering if you could give me any information on one of his best mates who also fought in Monte Cassino, his name was Aleksander Gudowski.
    Kind regards,Tessa

  4. #4074

    Default

    Hello Tessa,

    Many thanks for your post, you caught me just in time before I go to Hospital for some laser treatment to seal blood vessels that have burst at the back of my eye, any way less of about that :

    When awarded the Monte Cassino Cross his details were as follows :

    Rank : Kan. (Artilleryman/Gunner)

    Surname : Gudowski

    Christian Name : Aleksander

    Date of Birth : 1914

    Fathers Name : Tomasz

    Army Number : 1914-151-III

    Unit : 4PAL, 5th Kresowa Infantry Division

    Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 20146

    During the September 1939 Campaign he served either as a Regular or a Reservist, his details are below :

    Monte Cassino cross

    He crossed the Border into Lithuanian on the 19th September 1939 with his unit thinking that they would be released to go to France, but in turn were handed over to the soviets, he joined the Anders Army on the 4th September at Tatiszczewo.

    After the end of the war in Europe he came to the UK with his Regiment and after being demobbed, married Kathleen J Wright in Stroud, Gloucestershire in 1950.

    In 1952 he applied for and was granted British Citizenship, whilst working as a Machine Operator, living at 39H, Maisonettes, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, 24th June 1952.

    It was announced in the London Gazette Issue Number : 39624, on Page : 4354, Dated 15th August 1952.

    Tessa, I thought that might be all that I would find, but I came across the following poor quality photograph from an Auction in 2011 of the Awards and Badges along with his AB63 :

    Monte Cassino cross

    The Auction stated that these were the awards of Aleksander Gudowski.

    Anyway, I sincerely hope that the above is of some use and help to you Tessa.

    Best wishes

    Andrzej

  5. #4075

    Default

    Hello Everyone,

    A couple of Recipients of the Monte Cassino Cross :

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    When awarded the Monte Cassino Cross, the Recipients details were as follows :

    Rank : Szer. (Private)

    Surname : Machnacz

    Christian Name : Eliasz

    Date of Birth : 15th March 1900

    Army Number : 1900-36-III

    Unit : 326 Skladnica Zaopatrywania (326th Supply Depot).

    Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 45458

    After the end of the war in Europe he came to the UK with his Unit and after being demobbed into civilian life, he married Anna Dudczak in Manchester in 1948.

    Eliasz Machnacz died in Rochdale, Lancashire, in 1992, Anna Machnacz (Born in 1921) died in Rochdale in 1998.

    The 2nd Recipient of the Monte Cassino Cross :

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    All the above were awarded to Plut. Mieczysław Jabłoński

    Monte Cassino cross

    Plut. Mieczysław Jabłoński

    Date of Birth : 4th January 1912

    Place of Birth : Warszawa

    Army Number : 1912-5-III

    Unit : 2KPAL, 3DSK.

    Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 5609

    By the end of the war he is listed as being decorated with the KW and Bar (Cross of Valour and Bar, denoting 2nd Award).

    Best wishes

    Andrzej

  6. #4076

    Default

    Hello Everyone!

    Does someone know how the army number was formed?
    What does this three numbers mean?
    For example:
    Army Number : 1907-39-III
    - first one, the year of birth. it's clear
    What two last numbers mean? (39 and III)?

    Regards, Valerii

  7. #4077
    TMZ
    TMZ is offline
    ?

    Default

    The second is a sequential number for that year of birth and first letter of surname.

    III indicates the recruitment centre. Here it is APW.


    I should add that in some cases (which I think are later recruits 1945 onwards) the sequential number appears to be in mutiple ranges, i.e. there are some numbers 5000, 6000 and 7000 which don't link in with the main sequence.

    Regards,

    Ted
    Click to enlarge the picture Click to enlarge the picture Monte Cassino cross  

  8. #4078

    Default

    Hello Everyone,

    Face of a Recipient of the Monte Cassino Cross:

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Mirosław Łazowski, Army Number: 1921-16-III, Unit: 12 Pułk Ułanów Podolskich, Command Squadron, MCC Nr: 8079, also awarded the KW (on the photo as ppor. of the 7 Pułk Ułanów Lubelskich)

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Mirosław Łazowski on the truck

    Monte Cassino cross

    The first visit to the Vatican where Pope Pius XII received Mirosław Łazowski and his fellow soldiers

    Monte Cassino cross

    Mirosław Łazowski in a parade at the head of the unit after the Battle for Bologna

    During his stay in Iraq, as a Starszy Ułan, he was selected to the Singals Officer Cadet School. He finished it seventh in Palestine and was promoted to Corporal/Cadet Officer. During the Battle of Monte Cassino he reported the situation on the line of fire through the radio station.

    He died in Toruń in February 2008.


    Regards
    Konrad

  9. #4079

    Default

    Hello Everyone,

    Two Brothers - Recipients of the Monte Cassino Cross:

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. (Kanonier while awarding, later Major) Jerzy Kostiuk, Army Number: 1923-36-III, Unit: 3 KPAL, MCC Nr: 6468

    Monte Cassino cross

    Legitymacja of the Monte Cassino Cross Numbered 6468

    As a radiotelegraphist of reconnaissance in the signals platoon of artillery battery he participated in the combat operations of the 2nd Polish Corps. He was seriously wounded on July 21, 1944 when the armored car he was driving hit a mine. After several months of treatment he managed to take part in the last fights in 1944. The following year he graduated from the Artillery Reserve Cadet School in Matera, then the Mathematical and Physical Secondary School at the 3rd DSK. After the end of the war he stayed in Italy and England from where he returned to Poland in December 1947. Lived in Przemyśl where he worked professionally until 1987.

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk, fourth from the left, with his comrades in Italy 1945

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk, bottom left and friends from the tent, Kastina, Palestine, June 1942

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk in the center of the photo, Universal Carrier, Qhana-kin, Iraq, January 1943

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk, first from the left, with his comrades in Italy 1945

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk with an accordion and his friend Stanisław, Amandola, Italy, 1945

    Monte Cassino cross

    Kpr. pchor. Jerzy Kostiuk and his older brother Marian on the right, Bodney Airfield, December 26, 1946

    Strzelec Marian Kostiuk, Army Number: 1916-56-III, Unit: 3 K Baon CKM, MCC Nr: ?

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Mjr Jerzy Kostiuk post war photographs

    On December 30, 2019 in the Church of St. Józef in Przemyśl a solemn funeral of the late retired major Jerzy Kostiuk took place, who died at the age of 96.

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Monte Cassino cross

    Major Jerzy Kostiuk published his memories from the period of World War II titled "Czy tak być musiało?".

    Regards
    Konrad

  10. #4080

    Default

    Hello Konrad,

    Many thanks for your post, in answer to your question :

    Strz. Marian Kostiuk, 1916-56-III, 3KBCKM, Monte Cassino Cross Numbered : 6047.

    Best wishes

    Andrzej

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